studyguide3 - ISS 210, SECTION 9, FALL 2006 READING STUDY...

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1 ISS 210, SECTION 9, FALL 2006 – READING STUDY GUIDE, PART III Eitzen, “Poverty”, pg. 22 1. Using official statistics on poverty, what percentage of the U.S. population was poor in 2003? What percent of African-Americans and Latinos were poor? *12.5% of the U.S. population were poor in 2003, 24.5% of African-Americans and 22.5% of all Latinos. 2. In the U.S., two-thirds of impoverished adults are women. 3. Eitzen identifies what four rural regions characterized by high rates of poverty? What is the predominate racial/ethnic group in each region? *the Mississippi Delta, which is primarily African American; the Rio Grand/U.S. – Mexico border, which is largely Latino; the Native Aferican reservations of the Southwest and Plains; and Appalachia, which is predominantly white. 4. How does the poverty rate in the U.S. compare with the rest of the industrialized world? *the U.S. poverty rate is the highest in the industrialized world 5. What change has occurred in the U.S. child poverty rate since 1970? *among those under 18, poverty has increased by more than 30% from 1970 6. What changes in the safety net for the poor have we seen since the Reagan Administration? *the safety net for the poor and their parents in the United States has declined steadily since the Reagan administration. Eitzen, Reading 4, Australian Financial Review 1. Where does the U.S. system of welfare capitalism stand in comparison to other developed countries? *the U.S. stands alone at one pole, with a welfare system confined to a rather patchy “safety net” and a largely unregulated labour market. 2. In her book, Nickel and Dimed: On (Not) Getting by in America , Barbara Ehrenreich found what two problems confronting minimum wage workers? *rent and health care Eitzen, Reading 5, Rainwater and Smeeding 1. What is the most important step in reducing poverty among children? *to ensure that at least one parent is employed 2 How do low-income American single mothers compare with low-income single mothers in other nations in terms of: a) number of hours worked, and b) income support [note: this
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means from government sources]? *work more hours than single mothers in any other nation, the evidence is clear that American single mothers receive the least income support of any nation’s low-income mothers. 3. What set of values prevail in Europe regarding child support? *the well-being of the child and the mother is usually the foremost value, and the absent father’s willingness and ability to pay are of secondary concern. In these countries full child support is guaranteed by governments when absent fathers cannot of will not pay. While universal guaranteed child support on the European level would not fit American values, a more modest system might be achievable. 4.
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This note was uploaded on 04/04/2008 for the course ISS 210 taught by Professor Zimmerman during the Fall '08 term at Michigan State University.

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studyguide3 - ISS 210, SECTION 9, FALL 2006 READING STUDY...

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