studyguide4 - ISS 210, SECTION 9, READING STUDY GUIDE, PART...

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1 ISS 210, SECTION 9, READING STUDY GUIDE, PART IV, FALL, 2006 Eitzen, “Crime and Control,” pp. 198-199 1. Among the industrialized nations, there is not much difference in what kinds of crime? *burglaries, bicycle thefts, and other property crimes 2. Among the industrialized nations, the U.S. has much higher rates of what types of crime? *rate of violent crimes (robberies, assaults, murders, and rapes) 3. Criminologists are in general agreement that violent crime in the U.S. is the result of the confluence of what five factors? *1. countries where there is a wide gap between the rich and the poor have the highest levels of violent crime. 2. the greater the proportion of the population living in poverty, the higher the rate of violent crime. 3. violent crime is worse in those societies with weak “safety nets” for the poor 4. the government’s “war on drugs” is partly responsible 5. the greater the availability of guns in a society the higher the level of violent crime. 4. The U.S. incarcerates about 1/4 of the entire prison population of the world. Eitzen, Reading 31, The Daily 1. About what percentage of homicides involve a firearm in the U.S. and in Canada? *two-third in America, one-third in Canada Eitzen, Reading 32, Booth 1. The gun-related death rate of U.S. schoolchildren under he age of 15 is nearly 12 times higher than the combined totals of 25 other wealthy, industrialized nations, according to a major study by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta. 2. Broken down per capita, the U.S. rate of firearm deaths is more than triple the next closest nation, Canada. 3. In Great Britain, the 1996 massacre of 16 elementary school children and their teacher in Dublin, Scotland, resulted in: *an immediate call for total ban on handguns 4. After a gunman with automatic rifles killed 35 people in Port Arthur, Tasmania, what happened? *Australia banned all automatic and semiautomatic weapons, including pumping-action shotguns Eitzen, Reading 33, Waller and Welsh
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1. ICPC (International Centre for the Prevention of Crime) assists cities and counties in: *reducing delinquency, violence, and insecurity by investing in people and communities in more affordable and sustainable ways 2. The Quantum Opportunities Program, which operated in five U.S. cities (San Antonio, Philadelphia, Milwaukee, Saginaw, and Oklahoma City) from 1989 to 1993, did what? *offered disadvantaged teenagers afterschool activities for which they received small hourly stipends and a matching amount of funds in a college-fund account. 3. How successful was the Quantum Opportunities Program? *after 4 years, the program group achieved a 71-percent reduction in self-reported arrests compared with the control group. Program group members also were less likely to have dropped out of school and were more likely to have graduated from high school. 4.
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studyguide4 - ISS 210, SECTION 9, READING STUDY GUIDE, PART...

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