AP_Compartitvie_politics FINAL

AP_Compartitvie_politics FINAL - Ashley La Plante AP...

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Ashley La Plante AP Comparative Summer Assignment 1. Cold War : Definition : The hostile relations that prevailed between the United States and the USSR from the late 1940’s until the demise of the Soviet Union in 1991. Although an actual (hot) war never directly occurred between the two super powers, they clashed indirectly by supporting rival forces in many wars occurring in the Third World. Analysis : Although an actual war never took place, the USSR and the US clashed in several instances in international issues, creating a war that never heated up. 2. Bureaucracy : Definition : An organization structured hierarchically, in which lower level officials are charged with administrating regulations codified in rules that specify impersonal, objective guidelines for making decisions. In the modern world many large organizations, especially business firms and the executive of developed states are organized along bureaucratic lines. Analysis: A small institution that governs businesses and smaller states with 3. Globalization : Definition: The intensification of worldwide interconnectedness associated with the increased speed and magnitude of cross-border flows of trade, investment & finance, the process of migration, culture diffusion and communication. Analysis: Infusing culture of one state into that of another. 4. Legitimacy : Definition: A belief by powerful groups and a broad citizenry that a state exercise rightful authority. In the contemporary world, a state is said to
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posse legitimacy when it enjoys consent of the governed, which usually involves democratic procedure and the attempts to achieve a satisfactory level of development and equitable distribution of resources. Analysis: If the people are happy with the government that government has reached legitimacy. 5. European Union : Definition: An organization of European countries created in 1958 to promote economic integration ad political cooperation among European states. At first, the European Union’s mandate was primarily to reduce tariff barriers among Western Europe States. Now, more countries have joined the European Union and its powers have vastly expanded to include promoting common policies on immigration, technical standards and economic and monetary regulation. Analysis: A collection of European countries that has increased in power and influence as time has passed. 6. State formation : Definition : The historical development of a state often marked by major states, key events or turning points (critical junctures) that influence the contemporary culture of the state. Analysis: The establishment of a state marked by major events that have influence upon the states culture. 7.
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AP_Compartitvie_politics FINAL - Ashley La Plante AP...

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