CHEM 151 study guide for all chapters

CHEM 151 study guide for all chapters - Study Guide Sample...

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Study Guide Sample Questions For Chem151 Professor K. C. Nicolaou Book: Molecules That Changed the World by K. C. Nicolaou and Tamsyn Montagnon Wiley-VCH, 2008
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1. Give a brief description (25 words or less) of the following terms: a) The Big Bang Theory b) The Atomic Theory of Matter c) The Periodic Table d) Deoxyribo nucleic acid e) Ribo nucleic acid f) Protein g) Secondary metabolite h) Chemical synthesis 2. Identify the scientific contributions of the following philosophers–scientists (10 words or less): a) Demokritos b) Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleev c) John Dalton d) Aristotle
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3. Give the names and symbols of four elements and four molecular structures essential for life on Earth (including stereochemistry when appropriate): 4. Give the names of 8 natural products and name the three main categories of living systems from which such natural products are isolated. 5. Name the milestone event in 1828 that symbolizes the birth of organic synthesis. 6. The impact of chemical synthesis on modern society has greatly enhanced the lives of people. Give five examples of such contributions: 7. Name three methods used today in the structural elucidation of organic molecules.
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Chapter 2: Urea & Acetic Acid 1. Describe the following terms (50 words or less): a) Vitalism b) Synthetic organic chemistry (or chemical synthesis, or organic synthesis) 2. Draw the structures of urea and acetic acid. In addition, name the chemists who first synthesized them in the laboratory and articulate the significance of each accomplishment. (10 words or less) 3. Name the countries in which the following eminent chemists worked and made their most important contributions in chemistry. a) Friedrich Wöhler f) John Dalton b) Justus von Liebig g) August Wilhelm von Hofmann c) Jöns Jakob Berzelius h) Hermann Kolbe d) Antoine Laurent de Lavoisier i) Friedrich August Kekulé e) Robert Boyle j) Joseph Priestley
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Chapter 3: Glucose 1. Briefly describe (100 words or less) the photosynthesis of glucose from carbon dioxide in green plants, including the structures of starting materials, key intermediates, and products. 2. Mention two scientific accomplishments of Emil Fischer for which he is well known, the year of his awarding of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, and the country he represents. 3. Give the molecular structures (with stereochemistry) of lactose and fructose and the names of two naturally occurring carbohydrate-based biopolymers.
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4. In a short essay (100 words or less), including the names of Pasteur, Le Bel and van’t Hoff, and the terms of plane polarized light, tetrahedral carbon, and enantiomers, explain the phenomenon of enantioisomerism.
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CHEM 151 study guide for all chapters - Study Guide Sample...

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