Unformatted text preview: SCIENTISTS JOINED AS LIFE MEMBER OF SOCIETY OF KRISHI VIGYAN
3512019. Y. Prabhabati Devi, Subject Matter Specialist, Home Science, Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Chandel,
ICAR, Manipur Centre
3522019. Moutusi Dey, Subject Matter Specialist (Horticulture), Uttar Dinajpur Krishi Vigyan Kendra,
UBKV Uttar Dinajpur, west Bengal
3532019. Sri Sourav Mondal, Subject Matter Specialist, Plant Protection, Rathindra Krishi Vigyan
Kendra ,Visva-Bharati university ,Sriniketan, Birbhum, West Bengal
3542019. Ankita, Subject Matter Specialist (Soil Science), Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Pauri Garhwal,
Uttarakhand 3552019. Shikha Bathla, Assistant Professor (Home Science), Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Langroya,
Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar, Punjab.
3562019 J Bhuyan, Scientist, Home Science , Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Mayurbhanj-I, Shamkunta,
Odisha. 331 Sr. No. Title CONTENTS Page No. Agronomy 1. Effect of Date of Sowing and Cutting Management on Seed Yield in Berseem 96-100 (Trifolium alexandrinum L.).
Ajmair Singh, Rakesh Sharma and Amanpreet Singh
2. Effect of Integrated Nutrient Management on Productivity and Economics of 87-91
Rabi Onion (Allium cepa L).
Iqbal Singh Dhillon and Didar Singh
3. Effect of Plant Spacing on the Growth and Yield of Blackgram (Vigna mungo). 101-104
4. Effect of Planting Geometry and Fertigation Levels on Growth, Yield and 63-69
Quality of Chilli.
V N Nandeshwar and S G Bharad
5. Evaluation of Cropping System of Medium Duration Rice Followed by Toria under 81-86
Medium Land Situation.
R Bezbaruah and R S Deka
6. Influence of Different Planting Methods and Mulching on Growth and Yield of Spring 149-153
Maize (Zea mays L).
Amandeep Kaur and Gurbax Singh Chhina
7. Utility of Vyavasaya Panchangam. 284-290
M Venkataramulu and P Punnarao
8. Water Management through Puddling Techniques. 297-300
K Prasanthkumar, M Saravanakumar and J John Gunasekar
9. Zero-Till Wheat Planting in Rice-Wheat Cropping System. 301-305
Shailendra Singh Kushwah, B S Kasana and S S Bhadauria Agricultural Extension
10. Attitude of Women towards Self Help Groups under Integrated Watershed 19-22
M K Bariya, H S Patel, K U Chandravadia, S J Parmar and H C Chodavadia
11. Evaluation of Agronomic Practices based on the Knowledge Level of Small and Big 117-121
Guava growers of Rajasthan State.
S R Meena and Y K Sharma
12. Effect of Nutrition Education on Knowledge Level of Farm women. 92-95
Rashmi Limbu, Manisha Arya and Ankita
13. Impact of Trainings and Demonstrations on Promotion of Mushroom Cultivation. 162-165
A Rajkala, S Shobana, M Ashok Kumar and G Alagukannan
14. Information Seeking Behaviour of Opinion Leaders in Hill Region of Uttarakhand. 154-161
Neelam Basera, Neelam Bhardwaj and Arpit Huria
15. Investigation of Socio-Economic Traits of Tibetan Rehabilitants and its relationship to 178-182
E K Marbaniang, L Manjunath, V S Yadav, S Sadaqath, K V Natikar, And S S Dolli
326 16. Job Performance of Subject Matter Specialists working in Krishi Vigyan Kendra. S D Sarnaik, P P Bhople, D M Mankarand N M Kale
17. Knowledge Gain through Bee Keeping Training Programme. Bhupender Singh and Surender Singh
18. Knowledge Level of Farmers about Chickpea Production Technology in Nagaur District of Rajasthan.
Mahendra Kumar and S R Kumawat
19. Knowledge Level of Farmers about Improved Production Technology of Onion Crops in Sikar District of Rajasthan.
Mahesh Choudhary, B L Asiwal and R K Dular
20. Perception and Adoption of Soil Health Cards by Farmers in YSR Kadapa District of Andhra Pradesh.
Veeraiah A, Shilpakala V, Ramalakshmi devi S and Ankaiah Kumar K
21. Reasons for Discontinuance of Agricultural Innovations by Farmers in Tarai Region of Uttarakhand.
Arpit Huria, V L V Kameswari and Neelam Basera
22. Regression Analysis of Knowledge Level and Socio Economic Impact of Drip Irrigation System with the Selected Characteristics of Drip Owners. .
Mahammad Shafi Rupanagudi Shaik , Swati Khandave and Nikitaben Thakor
23. Training Needs of Tribal Farm Women in relation to Improved Animal Husbandry Practices of Chhotaudepur District of Gujarat.
B L Dhayal and B M Mehta
24. Tool to Measure Attitude of Postgraduate Scholars towards Extension Service. Naveenkumar, G and Chauhan N B 183-186
279-283 Agricultural Economics
25. Economic Viability of Crop Diversification in Punjab. 55-62
Raj Kumar and Sangeet
26. Extent of Diversification and Constraints in Adoption of Different Farming Systems in 122-127
Chamba District of Himachal Pradesh.
Divya Sharma and Virender Kumar
27. Loan Repayment Behaviour under Nagaland State Cooperative Bank Limited. 203-207
Longma Yanger Pongen, A K Godara and S P Singh
28. Micronutrients Spray on Yield and Economics of Cotton in Rainfed Areas of Prakasam 208-211
district in Andhra Pradesh.
Sahaja Deva, G M V Prasada Rao, P Vinayalakshmi, Ch Varaprasada Rao
29. Resource Use Efficiency of Bt Cotton in Hanumangarh District of Rajasthan. 247-251
Vikas, Hari Om Sharma and Mukesh Kumar
30. Study on Marketing Pattern of Chilli Cultivation in Wokha District of Nagaland. 269-273
Nchumthung Murry and James Tsopoe Agricultural Engineering
31. Comparative Study between Solar Dryer and Open Sun dried Tomato under North Plateau Climatic Zone.
J Bhuyan, D K Mohanty and D Jayapuri
327 28-33 32. Stem Application Technology with Modified Tools for Management of Sucking Pests in Cotton (Gossypium herbaceum L.).
Venkanna Yasa, Bhaskar Rao B and Sreenivas A
33. Studies on Ambient Storage of Lime Juice Concentrate Packed in Sachet. R A Kachhadia, B L Jani, B M Devani and D M Vyas Animal Science and Fisheries 34. Characterization of households of Marginal and Landless Livestock Farmers in Rural Tamil Nadu.
K M Sakthivel and Narmatha N
35. Development of Dot-ELISA Technique for Estimation of Milk Progesterone and PregnancyDiagnosis using PVDF Membrane.
Ramesh Kumar, Taruna Thakur and R L Prasad
36. Feeding of Concentrate and Green Fodder at an Early Age and its Effects on Growth Rate in Goat Kids.
Tejbeer Singh and Manoj Sharma
37. Incidence of Repeat Breeding in cattle at Organized Dairy Farms. Dinesh Mahto and Shobha Rani
38. Line Fishing Methods of the Brahmaputra Valley. Deepjyoti Baruah, Amalesh Dutta and P Pravin
39. Performance of Pekin Ducks and Desi Ducks under Integrated Farming System at Kancheepuram District in Tamilnadu.
K Devaki, K Senthilkumar and P R Nisha 264-268
40. Assessment of Bottle Gourd (Lagenaria siceraria) Varieties for Fruit Yield and Component Traits in Mohali District of Punjab.
Munish Sharma, Yashwant Singh and Priyanka Suryavanshi
41. Effect of Plastic Mulch on Growth, Yield and Economics of Chilli (Capsicum annuum L.) under Nimarplains Conditions of Madhya Pradesh.
S K Tyagiand G S Kulmi
42. Foliar Fertilization for Enhancing Yield and Fruit Qquality of Apple under Rain-fed Conditions of Mid-Himalayas
Sanjeev K Banyal and Ajay K Banyal
43. Marketing Behaviour of Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.) Growers in Tapi District. P K Modi, P D Verma and S M Chavan
44. Potential of Dry Khirni (Manilkara hexandra Roxb.) Fruits as Nutritional Substitute. Kanak Lata, Sanjay Singh, Raj Kumar and Shakti Khajuria
45. Response of Micronutrient Mixture Application in Banana for Enhanced Growth and Yield
Bindu B 5-7 105-108
252-255 Home Science
46. Consumer Acceptance of Household Articles Developed through Recycled Agro textiles. 34-37
Pooja Bhatt, Anita Rani and Sudha Jukaria
328 47. Effect of Processing Techniques on Quality and Acceptability of Bitter Brinjal Pickle. 70-75
Y. Prabhabati Devi
48. Ergonomic Analysis of the Work Environment of Weavers in Manipur. 113-116
Kangjam Victoria Deviand Visalakshi Rajeswari
49. Factors Responsible for Contributing Anxiety among the Working Women in Punjab. 128-132
Shikha Bathla and Shabnam Sharma
50. Peer Victimization among School Children. 221-224
Varsha Saini and Shanti Balda Plant Breeding
51. Assessment of Chrysanthemum (Dendranthema grandiflorum) Varieties for Yield and 8-12
Productivity in Salem District.
P S Kavitha, A Sudha and N Sriram
52. Assessment of Improved Variety of Tuberose (Polianthes tuberosa) Prajwal for Yield and 1 3-18
Economics in Western Parts of Chittoor District of Andhra Pradesh
Pedda Nagi Reddy Pocha, M Mallikarjun, G Nirmala Devi and M Reddi Kumar Plant Pathology
53. Assessment of Biocontrol Agents for Management of Nematode Complex Disease in Chillies.
K Kavitha and R Latha
54. Integrated Management of Nematode Disease Complex in Tuberose (Polianthes tuberose L)
K Kavitha and K Thirukumaran
55. Integrated Management of Panama wilt disease in Banana. Sudha A, Kavitha P S and Sriram N Soil Science 56. Design and Development of an Expert Support System for Fertilizer Calculation. V G Sunil , Berin Pathrose and K Prasanth
57. Effects of Soil Application of Biochar on Soil Health and Productivity of Rice-Wheat Cropping System in Rohtas District of Bihar.
58. Effect of Various Silicon Sources on Nutrient Uptake in Rice. Guntamukkala Babu Rao, Poornima Yadav P I and Elizabeth K Syriac
59. GIS and Remote sensing Approach in Identifying Ground Water Recharge Zones of Cheriyal Watershed.
B Meghana1, Ch Rakesh, P karthik, D Girish, Ch Radha Srivalli
60. Water Draft Exceeds the Quantity of Groundwater Recharge: A Case of Yarehalli Micro-Watershed, Davanagere District, Karnataka.
Shivaraj S and Naveena K P 329 1-4
291-296 Short Communications
61. Anionic Mishran Supplementation in Pleuriparous Animals. Rakesh Thakur and Vishal Dogra
62. Evaluation of Cabbage (Brassica oleracea) Varieties suited for Off Season Cultivation in Rain Shelters of Kerala.
63. Impact of KVK Training Programme on Knowledge Level of Moong Bean Growers. B L Asiwal and L R Balai
64. Performance of Red Gram (Cajanus cajan) under Rain fed Situation in district Mahabubnagar.
P S John daniel, V Rajendra Kumar and Bhupender Singh 330 306-309
317-319 J Krishi Vigyan 2019, 8 (1) : 1-4 DOI : 10.5958/2349-4433.2019.00059.X Assessment of Biocontrol Agents for Management of Nematode
Complex Disease in Chillies
K Kavitha and R Latha
ICAR-Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Thirupathisaram-629 901, Kanyakumari District (Tamil Nadu)
ABSTRACT The experiment on assessment of talc based formulations of Pseudomonas fluorescens 1% WP +
Trichoderma viride 1% WP + Paecilomyces lilacinus 1% WP of IIHR, Bangalore and talc based
formulations of P fluorescence (Pf1) of TNAU, Coimbatore were used for the evaluation of its efficacy
for the management of nematode complex disease in chillies at farmers field. The experiment was
conducted in Nainarpalayam village of Vanoor block of Villupuram district at five farmer’s field. The
talc based formulation of P fluorescens, T viride and P lilacinus was enriched in farm yard [email protected]
5kg/ha whereas P fluorescens (Pf1) was used @ 2.5 kg/ha for FYM enrichment and seed treatment @
10g/kg of seed. The results revealed that soil application of mixture of three biocontrol agents viz., P
fluorescens + T viride + P lilacinus enriched in FYM efficiently reduced the Fusarium wilt and root
knot nematode incidence in chillies than application of single biocontrol agent P fluorescens (Pf1) alone.
Key Words: Chilli, Fusarium wilt, Root Knot Nematode, Management. INTRODUCTION Chilli (Capsicum annuum L.) is being grown
worldwide as one of the most important vegetable
and spice crop for its multipurpose use. In India it
is an important cash crop, which is grown for both
domestic and export market for vegetable green
fruits and for the dry chilli as the spice of commerce.
India is the largest producer of chillies in the world
followed by China, Pakistan and Mexico. There
are many biotic and abiotic factors which are
decreasing chilli production. Chilli crop suffers with
many fungal, bacterial and viral diseases resulting
in huge yield losses. Among these factors the most
devastating are fungal nematode complex diseases
which lower the yield. The nematode infestation on
plants leads to the secondary infection of other soil
borne pathogens viz., fungal / bacterial pathogens
(Taylor, 1990). Wilt caused by Fusarium oxysporum
f.sp. capsici has been found as the most frequently
encountered disease problem (Siddiqui and Akhtar,
2007) in chillies. Survey for wilt disease revealed
that growing chilli continuously in the same field without crop rotation throughout the year for
seed or dry or vegetable purpose will help the
pathogen to survive on host (Priya and Mesta,
2018). Root-knot disease caused by Meloidogyne
incognita has been found as the most frequently
encountered nematode disease and is one of the
limiting factors affecting the production of chilli in
India. National loss due to nematode pest in chilli
was worked out to 12.85 per cent and in monetary
terms to the tune of 210 million rupees (Jain et al,
2007). The incidence of wilt varied from 0 to 75
per cent in different states of India (Anonymous,
2005). Wilt caused by Fusarium solani recorded 25
per cent yield loss in Karnataka in black cotton soil
(Madhukar and Naik, 2004). In Pakistan Fusarium
wilt of chilli causes 15 to 20 per cent yield losses in
dry areas (Siddiqui and Akhtar, 2007). Interactions
between Meloidogyne spp. and fusarium wilt
pathogens has been studied and documented in
several host crops (Back et al, 2002).
Chemical control of root-knot nematode and
fungal pathogens is most efficient method but very Corresponding Author’s Email: [email protected] 1 J Krishi Vigyan 2019, 8 (1) : 1-4 Kavitha and Latha expensive, not sustainable and has adverse effects
on human health, ground water and environment. In
view of the uneconomical and hazardous effects of
pesticides, researchers have focused their attention to
adopt biological control of Meloidogyne spp. (Singh
and Mathur, 2010). Pseudomonas fluorescence was
found effective against root-knot nematodes and
soil borne pathogens. Trichoderma viride is also
effective against several fungal pathogens (Kapoor
et al, 2010) and Meloidogyne spp (AbdAl-Fattah
A et al, 2007). Paecilomyces lilacinus is also as a
potential biological control agent of Meloidogyne
spp (Kiewnick and Sikora, 2006). However, biocontrol agents often are not thought as acceptable
alternatives for pesticides. Reasons for this include
lack of broad spectrum activity, inconsistent
performance in field and slower in action by the
bio-control agents when compared with pesticides.
One of the strategies for overcoming inconsistent
performance is to combine the disease-suppressive
activity of two (or more) beneficial bio-agents to
manage the nematode complex disease in chillies.
As the single bio-agent has not proved
effective in the management of nematode induced
disease complex, it was proposed to evaluate
the combination of nematophagus fungus
P. lilacinum with other bio-agents. viz. P.
fluorescence and T. viride. In this investigations,
On farm testing has been conducted to evaluate
the effect of combination of three Bioagents of
IIHR, Bangalore viz., T. viride, P. fluorescence
and P. lilacinus
along with the TNAU
P. fluorescence for the management of nematode
induced wilt disease of chilli which is caused by
Meloidogyne incognita and Fusarium oxysporum f.
sp. capsici . MATERIALS AND METHODS The experimental trial was conducted at
Nainarpalayam village of Vanoor block of Villupuram
district at five farmer’s field as five replications.
Talc based formulations of Pseudomonas
fluorescens 1%WP + Trichoderma viride 1% WP
+ Paecilomyces lilacinus 1% WP obtained from
2 IIHR, Bangalore and Talc based formulations of
P fluorescence (Pf1)obtained TNAU, Coimbatore
was used for the study purpose. The talc based
formulation of IIHR P fluorescens, T viride and P
lilacinus were used for enrichment of farm yard
manure. One ton of well decomposed FYM was
enriched by mixing of each of IIHR P fluorescens,
T viride and P lilacinus formulation @ 5kg/ha
under shade with optimum moisture of 25 - 30%
for a period of 15 d. Once in a week FYM was
thoroughly mixed for maximum multiplication
and homogenous spread of the microorganisms
in the entire lot of FYM. The same procedure
was used for the enrichment of FYM with
TNAU P fluorescens (Pf1) @ 2.5 kg/ha. This
enriched FYM was used for all the experiments.
Seed treatment of chillies was done with
P fluorescens (Pf1) @ 10g/kg of seed. The treatment
details is as follows
T3 Seed treatment with P fluorescens (Pf1)
@10 g/kg seed
+ Soil application of
P fluorescens (Pf1) @ 2.5 kg/ha enriched in
Soil application of IIHR P. fluorescens 1% WP
+ IIHR T viride 1% WP + IIHR P lilacinus 1%
WP each @ 5 kg/ha enriched in FYM
Control The observations on percent wilt incidence and
nematode gall index were recorded. The number
of galls/root system was assessed and assigned
a severity scale from 0 to 5 (0=no galls, 1=1‒2,
2=3‒10, 3=11‒30, 4=31‒100, 5=>100 galls per
root system) (Taylor and Sasser, 1978) RESULTS AND DISCUSSION It was evident from the present investigation
that the soil application of P fluorescens +
T viride + P lilacinus recorded lowest incidence
of fusarium wilt of 5.6 per cent and nematode
gall index of 1.2 whereas by seed treatment
with P fluorescens (Pf1) and Soil application of
P fluorescens (Pf1) recorded 6.8 per cent fusarium
wilt incidence and nematode gall index of 1.2. J Krishi Vigyan 2019, 8 (1) : 1-4 Assessment of Bio Control Agents There was no significant difference between
both the treatments on yield and reduction in
disease incidence (Table 1). The reduction on
the wilt and nematode gall index could be due
to the antagonistic activity of P fluorescens and
higher activity of defense enzymes in the plants
treated with T viride (Umamaheswari et al, 2004).
Ranjinikanth et al, 2013 reported that application
of T viride, P lilacinus and P flourescens enriched
in neem cake was more effective than treatments
with individual bio-agents in reducing M incognita
population and disease incidence caused by F
oxysporum in cauliflower. P lilacinus colonizes
the root surface and parasitizes eggs, egg-masses,
juveniles and females of Meloidogyne spp. by direct
hyphal penetration (Mucksood and Tabriez, 2010).
Synergistic effect of Trichoderma sp in combination
P.fluorescens treatment, enhanced the biological
control of nematodes, leading to greater reduction
in nematode population Siddiqui and Shaukat
(2004). Adoption of integrated disease management
effectively controls dry root rot disease in chillies
(Bindu Madhavi and Bhattiprolu,2011) CONCLUSION Soil application of mixture of
biocontrol agents viz., P fluorescens + T viride +
P lilacinus enriched in FYM efficiently reduced the
Fusarium wilt and root knot nematode incidence in
chillies than application of single biocontrol agent
P fluorescens (Pf1) alone. The results revealed that
adoption of integrated disease management practice
would reduce the nematode disease complex and
increase the yield in chillies. REFERENCES Abd Al-Fattah, Dababat A and Sikora R A (2007). Use of
Trichoderma harzianum and Trichoderma viride for
the Biological Control of Meloidogyne incognita on
Tomato. Jordan J Agric Sci 3(3):297-309.
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Bindu Madhavi G and Bhattiprolu S L (2011). Integrated
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Sclerotium rolfsii. Int J Plant, Anim and Environ Sci 1(2):
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formulation of T viride, P fluorescence and Jain R K, Mathur K and Singh R V (2007). Estimation of
losses due to Plant Parasitic Nematodes on different
P lilacinum was effective in controlling nematode
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