hp-chap7 - Chapter 7: Molecular Orbitals Chapter 7 Hybrid...

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Chapter 7: Molecular Orbitals
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Chapter 7 Hybrid orbitals: sp, sp 2 , sp 3 , and their relationship to molecular shape Molecular orbitals - as combinations of atomic orbitals - MO diagrams for diatomic molecules - bond order
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sp 3 hybrid orbitals
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sp 3 hybrid orbitals The 4 bonds in methane can be thought of as formed by combination of H 1s orbitals and C sp 3 hybrid orbitals
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Another sp 3 example
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sp 2 hybrid orbitals
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sp 2 example: ethylene
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sp hybridization
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sp example: CO 2
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Another sp example: N 2
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dsp 3 hybridization
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d 2 sp 3 hybridization
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Hybrid orbitals in context These hybrid orbitals are useful for describing the bonding pattern of an atom and for picturing how bonds form However, such descriptive uses are all that hybrid orbitals are good for; they have no particular meaning Molecular orbitals are formed directly as combinations of atomic orbitals ( not as combinations of hybrid orbitals)
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MO’s from AO’s Linear combination of atomic orbitals
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hp-chap7 - Chapter 7: Molecular Orbitals Chapter 7 Hybrid...

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