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Unformatted text preview: LO-12Political PartiesFunctions of Political Parties in DemocraciesElectioneering/Select and sponsor Candidates for officeSome countries: Pol Parties develop lists of candidatesEarly US: candidates frequently chosen by important party officialsUS today: PartiesChoose candidatesgenerally candidates participate in party primariesFor US Pres: selected by state delegations at Natl conventionsDefine Policy Agenda- Party PlatformHelp during Election PhaseParties help organize &amp; mobilizeProvide candidate service - training, fund raising, election laws, P.O. pollsVoter registrationetcGoverning/Help Organize GovtControl governmentProvide teams that can work togetherProvide cohesion between branches of govtProvide information to party membersProvide a vocal oppositionHelp educate votersProvide venue for comm between voters and GovtLink citizens to GovtHelp preserve social orderPolitical Parties in the USGeneralNot mentioned in the ConstitutionFederalists particularly concerned about potential impactWashington warned about dangers of Pol Parties in Farewell AddressMany saw Pol Parties as divisive and disruptive Two Party system emerges over timeFounding fathers tended to divide into 2 campsSystem of Govt contributes to maintenance of 2 Party systemSingle member winner-take-all districtsMany other democracies have multi-seat districts, allocated proportionally...
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- Spring '08