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DSP5 MCDB27 - /Kosik 20:19 oldview...

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Comparative Literature 27 – Jullien/Kosik 20:19 Where in the brain is memory located? No distinct localization – very old view   Paradigm shift   Memory is localized –  old view Memory is localized as fragments in different brain locations – current view Franz Joseph Gall (1758-1828) the originator of what later became phrenology Perpetuated belief that violent/criminal behavior was the result of an  irreversible psychological disposition Johann Gottlieb Walter (1734 – 1818) wrote that Gall’s system was a dangerous  form of determinism or fatalism Localization of memory Homonculus – parts of the brain that corresponds to the body (name comes from  notion that inside the sperm cell was a human fetus) The Old Prevailing View of Memory Karl Lashley (1890 – 1958) – American psychologist – His failure to find a single  biological locus of memory in the rat’s brain (engram) suggested to him that  memories were not localized to one part of the brain but were widely distributed  throughout the cerebral cortex David Starr Jordan – ichthyologist became first president of Stanford in 1890s –  joked that every time he learned the name of a student, he forgot the name of a  fish Paradigm shift (revolutionary science) in contrast to normal science Term described by Thomas Kuhn in  The Structure of Scientific Revolutions  (1962)
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