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Unformatted text preview: Nutrition After Nutrition After Competition Cheryl Zonkowski MS, RD, LD/N Changes. . . Changes. . .
In exercise In exercise In metabolic rate In eating habits Changes in Exercise Habits Changes in Exercise Habits
Less strenuous than when competing Less consistent than when competing Use of less calories than when competing Changes in Metabolic Rate Changes in Metabolic Rate
Components of energy expenditure
The Energy Balance Equation
Energy In= Consumption
Carbohydrate Protein Fat Energy Out= Burn
Lifestyle Exercise RMR Changes in Metabolic Rate Changes in Metabolic Rate
Decreases with age Decreases with reduced activity Decreases with loss of muscle Changes in Nutritional Habits Changes in Nutritional Habits
Less guidance More planning Less incentive Changes in Nutritional Goals Changes in Nutritional Goals
From performance to longevity and disease prevention 5 nutrition related chronic disease states
– Obesity – CVD – Stroke Cancer Diabetes Chronic Disease States Chronic Disease States
1. Cardiovascular Disease 1. Cardiovascular Disease # 1 killer in the US
– heart attack – congestive heart failure – coronary heart disease Chronic Disease States Chronic Disease States
Risk Factors of cardiovascular disease: high blood pressure BP Guidelines: high cholesterol Normal: 120/80 mmHg obesity/ sedentary lifestyle High: 140/90 mmHg family history
Cholesterol Guidelines: Total: <200mg/dl LDL: < 130mg/dl HDL: >60 mg/dl Chronic Disease States Chronic Disease States
1. Cardiovascular Disease 1. Cardiovascular Disease Prevention – weight control – minimize saturated & trans fat intake – increase fiber intake (+30 g/day) – reduce salt intake (2400 mg/day) Chronic Disease States Chronic
2. Cancer 39% of Cancer deaths are preventable High risk lifestyle traits:
– tobacco use – obesity – sun exposure – poor diet ( fat, fiber, alcohol, fruits & veggies) poor – inactivity Chronic Disease States Chronic
2. Cancer Prevention
– iinclude “More Matters” – new fruit & veggies nclude health initiative health – weight control – include fiber in your diet Chronic Disease States Chronic Disease States
3. Stroke Prevention – weight control – include “More Matters” – lowfat dairy products – watch salt intake – alcohol in moderation – stop smoking Chronic Disease States Chronic Disease States
3. Stroke Risk factors Consequences
– brain damage – paralysis – joint problems – poor weight control – high blood pressure
e has a meon y 45 So e ever ’s 1 strok That ! conds deaths se t of 14 ar! ou ach ye e Chronic Disease States Chronic Disease States
4. Diabetes Mellitus In adults 20 years old and older, 23.5 million Americans suffer from DM! That’s 10.7% of people 20 years old and older. Type 1 vs. Type 2 Risk factors
– Age, family hx, obesity, physical inactivity, race Chronic Disease States Chronic Disease States
4. Diabetes Mellitus 4. Diabetes Mellitus Treatment
– medication & diet Prevention – diet & exercise Chronic Disease States Chronic
5. Obesity 2007-2008 68% of Americans are overweight or 68% obese obese 32% of men and 35% of women are 32% overweight! overweight! 86% predicted to be overweight/obese by 86% 2015 2015 Body fat: > 32% women; > 27% men Percent of Obese (BMI > 30) in U.S. Adults U.S. 5. Obesity 5. Obesity
What’s the problem?
– Complications including: high blood pressure high cholesterol diabetes liver problems arthritis sleep apnea & other respiratory problems cancer loss of bladder control psychological disorders Chronic Disease States Chronic Disease States
All of these disease states can be related
Cancers Atherosclerosis Stroke & Heart Attack Obesity Hypertension Diabetes
Questions? Questions? ...
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This note was uploaded on 01/26/2011 for the course SDS 3340 taught by Professor Tate during the Spring '09 term at University of Florida.
- Spring '09