syg2002 - • Ritual – Example singing of the national...

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1/11/2011 1 Chapter 2: Culture Culture • Culture Material • things made and used Nonmaterial • ideas, values and beliefs • Cultural Diversity – the world’s cultures are vastly different from each other culture shock ethnocentrism cultural relativism Culture • Subcultures and Countercultures Subcultures • prejudice • social power Countercultures difference and opposition • often seen as a threat
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1/11/2011 2 Elements of Culture • Material Culture – Environment we inhabit; tools to survive in it – Meets basic subsistence needs – Basic need for meaning • Symbols – Anything that takes on additional meaning beyond itself to others can be created at anytime meanings can change over time not universally shared Elements of Culture • Language – organized set of symbols – not solely a human trait Sapir-Whorf hypothesis language shapes thought and perception
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Unformatted text preview: • Ritual – Example: singing of the national anthem at most professional sporting events Elements of Culture • Norms – rules of behavior • folkways • mores (MO-rays) • laws • Values – ethical foundations of culture – right and wrong/good and bad 1/11/2011 3 Cultural Expressions • Universality and Localism – cultural universals • High Culture and Popular Culture – high culture – affluence – popular culture – the “masses” – cultural capital Cultural Expressions • Forms of Popular Culture – Fads – Objects – Activities – Ideas – Personalities – Internet Memes – Fashion Cultural Expressions • The Politics of Popular Culture • The Globalization of Popular Culture – cultural imperialism • Culture as Tool Kit 1/11/2011 4 Cultural Change – culture lag – cultural diffusion • Culture in the 21 st Century...
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This note was uploaded on 01/30/2011 for the course SYG 2000 taught by Professor Joos during the Spring '08 term at University of Florida.

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syg2002 - • Ritual – Example singing of the national...

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