syg2004 - 1/15/2011 Chapter 4: How Do We Know What We Know?...

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1/15/2011 1 Chapter 4: How Do We Know What We Know? The Methods of the Sociologist Why Sociological Methods Matter human beings exhibit inconsistent behavior subjectivity variety of methodologies are employed “nature vs. nurture” Sociology and the Scientific Method requires the use of data deductive reasoning inductive reasoning Why Sociological Methods Matter Confirm or reject hypothesis Col ect Data Generate hypothesis Theory DEDUCTION General Specific Theory Generate hypothesis INDUCTION Specific General Discern patterns (similarities and differences ) Col ect Data Observation
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2 Why Sociological Methods Matter verstehen (Weber) emotional distance from the research process versus the human “connection” The Qualitative/Quantitative Divide quantitative methods statistical tools numerical values qualitative methods understanding the texture of social life less scientific Why Sociological Methods Matter Types of Sociological Research Methods experiment variables independent – agent of change extraneous
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syg2004 - 1/15/2011 Chapter 4: How Do We Know What We Know?...

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