syg2006 - 1/15/2011 Chapter 6: Deviance and Crime What is...

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1/15/2011 1 Chapter 6: Deviance and Crime What is Deviance? breaking a social rule refusing to follow one example: nudists deviance by association Why do people break rules? Why don’ t most of us do it all the time? What makes a deviant or criminal? What can be done about it? Crime : deviance “bad enough” to warrant formal sanctions Conformity & Social Control Folkways Mores Laws Taboos Stigma attribute “taints or discounts” a person/group “spoiled” identity Strategies to neutralize stigma (Goffman) Minstrelization Normification Militant chauvinism
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1/15/2011 2 Conformity & Social Control Deviant subcultures evolve within a dominant culture loose association or organized example: youth gangs identity/ condition/activity must be punished (but not too much) have participants (but not too many) be complex (but not too complex) Youth Gangs as Deviant Subcultures Deviance & Social Coherence Deviance is useful to society (Durkheim) It affirms cultural norms and values It clarifies moral boundaries » anomie It heightens group solidarity
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syg2006 - 1/15/2011 Chapter 6: Deviance and Crime What is...

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