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Unformatted text preview: Lecture October 25 th Revolution for the Bottom Up 1. Violence and the Stamp Act 1765-1766 2. The Townshend Duties and the politics of Non-Violence 1767- 1769 3. Forging Colonial Identity through adversity 1770-1775 4. War, Peace, Exile 1776-1783 5. Unfinished Business Declaring independence was more than writing the Declaration in 1776: Americans created mass protest movement against Britain.- Very bloody Rev. war- Men like Washington; Franklin gave a lot to this rev.- Ordinary people are quickly forgotten but had a great deal to do with Rev (merchants, artisans etc.) Point One When Bostonians woke on August 14 th , 1765-Saw a man hung on a noose on a tree: it was a dumbie not a real man but the dumbie looked like Andrew Oliver who was a local stamp Distributor- Fake lynching to convey how people felt about stamp tax- The British debt= 145 million lbs because of war - In London: prime minister Grenville wanted more taxes on Americans because war was fought for them- 1765: stamp act= tax on commercial paper: small fee for paper- Andrew Oliver would stamp paper to show they paid - Lower end of society were veracious readers and bought newspapers and almanacs: everyone was using paper for something By evening that same night, they cut the dummy down, took it to Oliver’s house- Ransacked his house, ser fire to stables- Mob pelted local official with stones who tried to stop it- The next day Oliver resigned as tax collector- This encourages mobs/ riots in other colonies Philly: a mob attacked Franklin’s house because they thought he had helped right the Stamp Act- Franklin’s wife threatened mob with a shotgun Tarring and feathering was one form of protest-Very painful/ dangerous way of protest Staged lynchings/ beheadings in the summer of 1765 shows how stamp act hit a nerve Protests were against two things: 1. Creeping extension of British authority into lives/ pocket books of Americans-Colonists lashed out at people representing the British 2. Against wealthy- by destroying Oliver’s stables, books, wine they were taking revenge on British rich elite (pent up anger)- Folks in stamp act mobs were laboring/ middling folks were worried that taxes would push them into poverty 1766: British had to repeat stamp act but reserved right to tax in future- Colonists excited about success and fuel that with more protests, British royalty will back off even more: encouraged protest- Political consciousness of ordinary people = rising - Politics talked about even in church 1767: British Parliament tries to reassert power over colonists Point 2 New Tax by parliament: a bundle of new taxes on paper, tea, fabric and other commonly used imported goods Townshend Duties - Troops sent to Boston and other places to prevent violence - Colonists avoided being hurt by troops and turned to non-violence- boycotted goods with new taxes- boycott petitions sent around - refusal to go to shops with taxes on goods Women made most purchasing decisions so they were in the middle of conflict.Women made most purchasing decisions so they were in the middle of conflict....
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