Creating An American Culture

Creating An American Culture - 18:14 :ASurvey

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Creating an American Culture 18:14 American government was intentionally designed to show the difference between  America and Great Britain Declaring Cultural Independence: A Survey 18 th  century furniture and clothing and books owned by wealthy Americans  was the same as those found in Britain (cultural similarities between the 2  countries) “the quick importation of fashions from the mother country is really  astonishing…In short, very little difference is, in reality, observable in the  manners of the wealthy colonist and the wealthy Briton.” How to Declare Cultural Independence o Set up a national postal system by an Act of Congress in 1792 Helped communications between states o Report more American news in American newspapers States would send newspapers between them so each state could  report what was happening locally and nationally o Charles Wilson Peale (from Philadelphia) founded an American Museum —exhibited symbols of America (turkey, eagle,  etc.) Take pride in American culture o Write novels set in America and featuring American characters like Indians Before the Revolutionary War, no American had ever written a novel.  People had to read imported novels from Europe instead. o American paintings and other art forms o Celebrate American national holidays-July 4 th , Washington’s birthday o Education became a tool to create a distinctly American society Better schools could produce better, more virtuous citizens who were  better able to protect their own freedoms and the Constitution—citizens  would not elect corrupt leaders if they were not corrupt themselves Jefferson found UVA, Washington proposes a national university in DC,  but it was never built Republican womanhood: if women can be educated to live virtuously,  they can teach their sons, husbands, and brothers to do the same
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400 acadmeies set up to teach young women academic subjects like  geography, maths, and science Susannah Rowson set up the Boston Young Ladies Academy in 1797,  writing her own textbooks Rowson’s Charlotte Temple was published in Philadelphia in 1794 The most popular American novel until the 1850s A story of seduction and abandonment with a moral lesson Webster, Franklin and an American Alphabet Noah Webster believed that “a national language is a national tie” so he  wondered whether Americans should continue to speak English Webster began to make changes to the spelling of English words and the  pronunciation of them.  He originally proposed that everyone speak Ancient  Greek (?) instead of English. In 1768, Benjamin Franklin had published a radical proposal to change the 
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This note was uploaded on 01/26/2011 for the course HIST 156 taught by Professor Bradbury during the Fall '08 term at Maryland.

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Creating An American Culture - 18:14 :ASurvey

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