Independence

Independence - 18:14 ,17761781 , . politica

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Creating the Constitution 18:14 New State Constitution, 1776-1781 Each colony became an independent state, created a state constitution Mass protests and wartime mobilization had given ordinary Americans a  greater taste for public participation.  They expected to be included in the  political process. Most state constitutions allowed more people to vote in state election than  before the war o NY, NJ, MD and GA each set a low threshold for the amount of property  you needed to own to vote o NC, SC, NH, and PA let anyone who paid taxes to vote in state elections o Vermont (achieved statehood in 1791) allow all adult males the right to  vote, even if they were too poor to pay taxes Radicalism of Pennsylvania’s Constitution o Abolished position of governor o All power in the hands of an elected assembly-elected by anyone who paid  taxes State constitutions became more democratic than previous colonial  government The New States Face Economic Crisis, 1770s-1780s o British Army had left many Carolinians penniless or homeless o Many slaves had deserted southern plantations, leaving owners without a  labor force o New England ships could no longer trade with the British Carribean o New England farmers were defaulting on loans and losing their farms to  foreclosure The States tried to help by printing new money, but instead of helping, this  spiked incredible amounts of inflation and led to farmers’ uprisings The Congress of the Confederation, 1781-1786 The Congress of the Confederation was created when the States ratified the  Articles of Confederation in 1781 o It was weak
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o It had no power to tax o Couldn’t help economic crisis o A violent farmers’ uprising in western Mass. In 1787-known as Shay’s  Rebellion… Creating the Constitution, 1787 Alexander Hamilton o A New Yorker, born in the Caribbean o The harshest critic of the weaknesses of the Congress of the  Confederation and anxious that democratic state assemblies would  produce anarchy o Helped to organize the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia in  summer 1787-designed to overhaul and empower Congress o Wanted to restore power to the elite, well-born, well-educated men that he  believed would be best fit to govern o Hamilton had a plan for a Senate that would have members serving for a  lifelong term James Madison’s Virginia Plan
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This note was uploaded on 01/26/2011 for the course HIST 156 taught by Professor Bradbury during the Fall '08 term at Maryland.

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Independence - 18:14 ,17761781 , . politica

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