Melissa's Final Exam Review Guide

Melissa's Final Exam Review Guide - Socy230 Andrews Review...

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Socy230 Andrews Review Guide for Final Exam Chapter 6: Socialization Over the Life Course Key Concepts Socialization Looking-glass self Historical context Middle friendship circles Agents of socialization Linked lives Popular clique Play stage Timing Social isolates Game stage Racial socialization Wannabes Preparatory stage Agency Life events Gender socialization Referential beliefs Pygmalion effect Turning point Generalized other Children’s cultural routines Life course Birth cohort Study Questions 1. What are the stages involved in the development of the self? 1. The preparatory stage- child mimics behaviors of parents and caretakers 2. The play stage- child begins to learn and understand symbols and meanings 3. The game stage- child is now able to manage several different role simultaneously 2. What is the ‘forbidden experiment’? wild child thing- what happens when a child is kept from civilization for so long Secret of the wild child with genie. Nature v. Nuture – we deprive a child of any type of nurture for the first few days of their life. Doing this would be cruel and unethical. Because of genie’s situation and her neglect and abuse experimenters got to see what happened 3. What happened to Genie? she was strapped to a potty chair for the beginning of her life and was severely impaired for the rest of her life 4. Where does the ‘generalized other’ come from and what role does it play in influencing our behavior? generalized other- internal perception of the attitudes of the whole community- comes form agency and our ability to understand how the larger society may view us Generalized other is in our brain or mind. How the avg person would respond or react to certain behaviors. General sense of how a md student would respond if you were going to do something. Conscious that guides our behavior. 1
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Socy230 Andrews 5. What distinguishes the game stage from the play stage of self-development? in the game stage, the child is now able to manage several different roles simultaneously They are different in terms of the numbers of roles that are being played They are different in complexities of the roles The play stage – kids imagine what it is like to go to work or to be mommy. They are pretending to be a single or discrete other role. Playing being their dad and fill up lunchbox ith papers pretending it to be a briefcase. One role at a time. Game stage- take on the role of many others simultaneously. Ex – baseball – if you are playing first base you also need to imagine what the pitcher is thinking. How all different roles interact. 6. What are the four elements of life-course sociology? - Historical context - refers to how historic events affect development for people in different birth cohorts, a group of people born within the same time period - Social timing- refers to the incidence, duration, and sequence of roles, and relevant expectations and beliefs based on age - Linked Lives - refers to our relationships with other people
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This note was uploaded on 01/26/2011 for the course SOCY 230 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at Maryland.

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Melissa's Final Exam Review Guide - Socy230 Andrews Review...

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