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Unformatted text preview: b) Chiefdom Foci Mesoamerica Central America Caribbean Northern South America Andes (especially in Peruvian coasts, the Altiplano, and Ecuador, near Colombia) Amazonia/Amazon basin (especially near the Orinoco / Amazon floodplains [vrzea]) c) Chiefdoms in Northern South America (Chibcha region): Why are they important? a) High concentration b) Many one step away from states Two Examples: a) Tairona b) Muisca What were they like at the Conquest? 1) Evidence of social hierarchy 2) Differential distribution of goods 3) Surplus agricultural production 4) Rising population (demography) 5) Economic system based on redistribution (system of exchange) 6) Presence of conflict/warfare 7) Chiefs engaged in prestige competition...
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- Spring '09