nomenclature

Nomenclature - Determining Method for Nomenclature Based on Compound Type Combination Metal with Metal Metal with Nonmetal Nonmetal with Nonmetal

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Determining Method for Nomenclature Based on Compound Type Covalent Binary Inorganic Compounds (prefix)(element)(prefix)(element root)”ide” omit use “mono” for second element when not obvious, element farthest from fluorine named first Naming Salts Salts are neutral & made of ions Name: (Cation) (anion) (prefix) hydrate (If # = 0 “hydrate” is omitted) Formula: (Cation) m (Anion) n · (#) H 2 O (If # = 0, “H 2 O” is omitted) Cations to the left, anions on the right, sum of charges must equal zero Multiples of a polyatomic ion require parentheses Include waters of hydration (use table to right) Examples Strontium Chloride = Strontium ions and Chloride ions = Sr +2 and Cl = SrCl 2 Ammonium Sulfate = Ammonium ions and Sulfate ions = NH 4 + and SO 4 2‐ = (NH 4 ) 2 SO 4 Calcium Phosphate = Calcium ions and Phosphate ions = Ca 2+ and PO 4 3‐ = Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 2 Copper(II) sulfate pentahydrate = CuSO 4 ∙5H 2 O Periodic Table Showing Common Ion Group Trends H H He Li Be B C N O F Ne Na Mg Al Si P S Cl Ar K Ca Sc Ti V Cr Mn Fe Co Ni Cu Zn Ga Ge As Se Br Kr Rb Sr Y Zr Nb Mo Tc Ru Rh Pd Ag Cd In Sn Sb Te I Xe Cs Ba Hf Ta W Re Os Ir Pt Au Hg Tl Pb Bi Po At Rn Fr Ra Rf Db Sg Bh Hs Mt Ds Rg Uub Uut Uuq Uup Uuh Uus Uuo La Ce Pr Nd Pm Sm Eu Gd Tb Dy Ho Er Tm Yb Lu Ac Th Pa U Np Pu Am Cm Bk Cf Es Fm Md No Lr Combination Bonding Chemistry Nomenclature Metal with Metal Metallic Metallic Name Metals Metal with Nonmetal Ionic Salt Salt Acid Acid Inorganic Covalent Binary Nonmetal with Nonmetal Covalent Organic Main Chain + Functional Group Common Examples 2 Hydrogen N 2 Nitrogen 2 Oxygen NH 3 Ammonia 3 Ozone NO Nitrogen monoxide (Nitric Oxide) 2 O Water (Dihydrogen Monoxide) NO 2 Nitrogen dioxide 2 Fluorine N 2 O Dinitrogen monoxide (Nitrous oxide) HF Hydrogen fluoride N 2 O 2 Dinitrogen dioxide Cl 2 Chlorine N 2 O 4 Dinitrogen tetroxide HCl Hydrogen chloride CO Carbon monoxide Br 2 Bromine CO 2 Carbon dioxide 2 Iodine CCl 4 Carbon tetrachloride # of atoms Prefix 1 Mono 2 Di 3 Tri 4 Tetra 5 Penta 6 Hexa 7 Hepta 8 Octa 9 Nona 10 Deca # of Water Prefix 1 Mono 2 Di 3 Tri 4 Tetra 5 Penta 6 Hexa 7 Hepta 8 Octa 9 Nona 10 Deca 1A Main Group Metals Main Group # = Charge Nonmetals 8 – Group # 7A 8A H + 2A 3A 4A 5A 6A H - He Li + Be 2+ Early Transition Group # Iron Group +2, +3 Zinc Group +2 B C N 3- O 2- F - Ne Na + Mg 2+ 3B 4B 5B 6B 7B 8B 9B 10B 11B 12B Al 3+ Si P 3- S 2- Cl - Ar K + Ca 2+ Sc 3+ Ti 4+ V 5+ Cr 2+ Cr 3+ Mn 2+ Mn 3+ Fe 2+ Fe 3+ Co 2+ Co 3+ Ni 2+ Ni 3+ Cu 1+ Cu 2+ Zn 2+ Ga 3+ Ge As 3- Se 2- Br - Kr Rb + Sr 2+ Y Zr Nb Mo Tc Ru Rh Pd Ag 1+ Cd 2+ In 1+ In 3+ Sn 2+ Sn 4+ Sb 3+ Sb 5+ Te 2- I - Xe Cs + Ba 2+ La Hf Ta W Re Os Ir Pt Au 1+ Au 3+ Hg 2 2+ Hg 2+ Tl 1+ Tl 3+ Pb 2+ Pb 4+ Bi 3+ Bi 5+ Po At Rn Copper Group +1 & +2 or +3 Inert Pair Group Group # & Group # -2 Nonmetals Metals Metal
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Common Ion and Acid Names Anions (negative ions) Hydride ion Acids (H + and anion) (Neutral in charge) 2 2– Peroxide ion 3 Azide ion CN Cyanide ion …………………………………… HCN Hydrocyanic Acid Monoatomic Anions (charge = 18 – group #) Halogens, Group 17 (charge = -1) Fluoride ion HF Hydrofluoric acid Cl Chloride ion
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This note was uploaded on 01/24/2011 for the course CHEM 1 taught by Professor Collier during the Spring '08 term at Missouri S&T.

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Nomenclature - Determining Method for Nomenclature Based on Compound Type Combination Metal with Metal Metal with Nonmetal Nonmetal with Nonmetal

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