Post- Apartheid South Africa

Post- Apartheid South Africa - Post- Apartheid South Africa...

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Post- Apartheid South Africa Ryley Leech April 26 2009 The Impact of Apartheid in South Africa 1
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After a long history of imperialism by Europe the election of the National Party in 1948 ushered in a new historic dispensation in the South African political, social and economic landscapes. The party officialised and intensified the thrust of racial segregation put in place under the Dutch and the British colonial rule. Ayittey George (1996) notes that the Union which constituted the national party and other subsequent South African governments systematized separatist regulation which resulted in the effective classification of people according to races. The system orchestrated such that the White minority subjected the black majority to its control in a devious system known collectively apartheid. The dispensation put the white minority on a favorable pedestal than the black majority. The dominant white minority being at the helm of the South Africa society was in charge of the political reins as well socio-economic affairs. Ayittey George (1996) states that whites put themselves in a position where they fully enjoyed the fruits of the country’s 1950s, 60s and 70s industrialization while the black majority wallowed in poverty and alienation in the margins of a devious and racist regime. The economic effects of apartheid Esler Anthony (1996) notes that the white minority enjoyed a high standard of life comparable to that of first world countries whilst the black majority remained in the realms of poverty, mediocre education and poor standards of living in all the aspects of life which culminated in the low life expectancy of the blacks. The country became a 2
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republic following the implications of a Whites-only referendum. The country subsequently fell out of the Commonwealth group of British colonies and former colonies. Apartheid was a detested political ideology which was roundly condemned the world over, Esler Anthony (1996) notes that apartheid was instituted at a time when the world has already experienced the impact of racism and imperialism culminating from the wily system of slavery in America and the scramble for Africa. The system of apartheid led to divestment and the isolation of South Africa from mainstream global activity in economic, political and social realms. The racist and separatist apartheid laws kept the black on the margins of mainstream economic activity as the enacted coterie of pass laws made it impossible for blacks to access lucrative job or income generating opportunities in 'White' zones. Hayward Jean (1989) states that the apartheid regime made it difficult and nearly impossible for blacks to take part in any economic activity. "Most women who attempted venturing into commercial beer brewing were often raided by the police and labeled as deviants". (Op.cit)Testimony to the economic restraint imposed on women by the apartheid regime was the reality that the presence of women in urban areas was illegal in the regulatory premise of pass laws. Black men were also prevented from earning a living
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Post- Apartheid South Africa - Post- Apartheid South Africa...

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