POLI100 Final - Study Guide

POLI100 Final - Study Guide - POL I100 Final Exam Study...

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Unformatted text preview: POL I100: Final Exam Study Guide Short Answers Format: 1. Define what concept is 2. Define why it is important 3. How it relates to American politics 4. Relate it to a NYT article- Summarize the article- Explain how the article relates to the definition 1. Party Discipline : How closely the elected representatives stick to their party in terms of legislation Parties have an influence over members of Congress and the decisions they make. Very often leads to a “party vote” (90% of one party voting against 90% of the other). Members of Congress tend to exercise party constraint because: 1. Parties affect electoral fortunes 2. Congressional parties have active PAC’s 3. Is necessary to accomplish other goals “Democrats See Wedge Issue in Health Bill” (10/8) 2. Congressional Ethics : The way that members of Congress behave, whether during actual quorum (sessions of Congress, committee meetings) or during their day-to-day lives (the events of which are captured by the press). Besides the set standard of ethics, this includes appropriateness and propriety in associating with other members of Congress. By putting in a standard for ethics, Congress encourages the public to place t rust in it. There are six Ethics Rules: 1. Financial Disclosure: All members must file personal financial statements each year 2. Honoraria: Members cannot accept fees for speeches & personal appearances 3. Campaign Funds: Surplus campaign funds cannot be put to personal use 4. Gifts: Members may not accept gifts worth more than $200 for Representatives & $300 for Senators (amounts increased annually for inflation) 5. Free Travel: Members may not accept free travel from private corporations or individuals for more than 4 days domestic or 7 days international travel per year 6. Lobbying: Former members may not lobby Congress for at least one year after retirement Services & Contributions are gray areas – congressmen cannot receive money in exchange for legislative action. Each house disciplines its own members for “disorderly behavior.” Sanctions consist of either expulsion or censure. Expulsion requires a 2/3 vote. Censure, which occurs rarely, is merely a slap on the wrist. Implicit congressional norms exist to constrain individual behavior – seem to be disappearing in recent years Reciprocity: favors need to be repaid in kind Specialization & Deference: everyone should be an expert in own particular area Civility: respect, courtesy Seniority: privileging longest-standing members (i.e. with committee chair seats) Apprenticeship: new members should sit quietly, learn legislative craft from senior members “Guilty Plea Stands, but Craig Won’t Quit Senate” (10/5) 3. Party Leadership : The hierarchy that forms platforms and goals with which the party is concerned – includes party members on committees, higher-ranking party members, longer-tenured party members, and heads of the national party conventions A hierarchy of power exists within each party within each house of Congress. A hierarchy of power exists within each party within each house of Congress....
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POLI100 Final - Study Guide - POL I100 Final Exam Study...

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