ANTH Lesson 8

ANTH Lesson 8 - LESSON 8 Review Urban Continuum Tribal-Agricultural/Peasant-Industrial/Early Modern-Modern/Information Cultural Continuum TYPE Key

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LESSON 8 Review Urban Continuum Tribal----Agricultural/Peasant---Industrial/Early Modern/--Modern/Information Cultural Continuum TYPE TRIBAL PEASANT INDUSTRIAL MODERN Key Locale Territory Village City Global Metropolis Key Relationship Personal Extended Family Nuclear Family Stranger Key Technology Tools Advanced Tools Technology Advanced Technology Key Social Relationships Kinship Class Ideology Roles Major Movements that Resulted in the Industrial/Early Modern Type Society Renaissance -- 14th to 16th centuries Reformation -- 16th century Scientific Revolution -- 16th to 18th centuries Enlightenment -- 18th century Industrial Revolution -- 18th to 19th centuries The Renaissance /14th-16th Century The Industrial type society evolved in Europe over 300 to 400 years. It began in the Middle Ages as cities, along with a sense of self and the individual, emerged. The following historical milestones are representative of this evolution. Revival of literature and learning . In the arts and the humanities, there became a greater interest in "humankind" and the real world, not just an interest in the gods and the heavens. Literature began to be developed in the language of the people, not just in Latin, a clear demarcation of the acknowledgement of the "common man." Trend toward dispassionate analysis . This trend toward objective analysis is contrasted with past theological dictums. Art reflects more realism especially in the way humans were depicted. Greater government centralization . Public works . As a result, there was a trend toward government centralization and the expansion of large public works projects to serve the growing cities. Development of leisure time . Leisure time became a reality, as well as the sense of citizenship.
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The notion of the common and self-made man developed, as well as the idea of citizenship and the role of the citizen . This was a reflection of the growing business and merchant class that had both time and money. Also, it was the beginning of a common elite that was not tied to the church or the aristocracy. A significant development in the Renaissance was a kind of opening up , an opening up of a closed society that was controlled by the church and the princely classes. The Scientific Revolution /16th-18th Century This period marked the first real challenge to the Roman Catholic Church. This period also produced the idea of scientific progress and thinking which was typified by people like Copernicus, Newton, and Galileo. Idea of scientific progress and thinking. It was an age of unprecedented and very rapid change and development. For example: In 1543, Copernicus published "The Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres." In this treatise, he theorized that the sun, not the earth, was the center of the universe. In the same year, Vesalius, an Italian, published "The Structure of the Human Body." This was the first time that dissected bodies had been used to draw the detail of the human
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This note was uploaded on 01/29/2011 for the course ANTH 2100 taught by Professor Hartman during the Spring '08 term at North Texas.

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ANTH Lesson 8 - LESSON 8 Review Urban Continuum Tribal-Agricultural/Peasant-Industrial/Early Modern-Modern/Information Cultural Continuum TYPE Key

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