Lesson 5 - PEASANT AND AGRICULTURALLY BASED SOCIETIES...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
PEASANT AND AGRICULTURALLY BASED SOCIETIES SCRIPT Good morning, or evening, whichever it is, when you are watching this video. Now that you know about the way tribal peoples live and interact we need to move on to the way agricultural peoples live and work. One thing you will notice is that society is more complex and the arts begin to flourish. Another big difference that we encounter in these types of societies is that peasant type societies do not exist autonomously. Peasants are always part of a larger social system whereas band level and tribals aren’t. Peasants always exist in societies in which there are levels (we usually call these classes or castes) and they are constantly interacting with people they don’t know very well such as shopkeepers, religious people, etc. This aspect also makes them very different from tribals in that it expands their view of the world. Depending upon the films you select you will be viewing daily life in Haiti; Mexican peasant life including the difficulties encountered in migrating to the city and the mixture of traditional and western medical techniques; peasants in Romania including a rare look at peasant fishermen in one film and farmers in another; a religious movement in Brazil that combines Catholicism with traditional African and Indian religious behaviors; and agricultural life in Nigeria and the importance if the seasons to traditional life. An important fact of peasant life is how to maintain traditional values in societies that are also modernizing. The difficulties in doing this are developed, in different ways in these films. This is a time of great stress between the wealthy in these societies and the peasant poor. Especially important is the stress between the traditional village world view and the modernizing world view expressed in the metropolitan regions. It is now time to start reading the lessons and viewing the films. A whole new world of belief systems are going to be opened up for you. Let us begin by remembering that if there is one very great difference between peasants and tribal people, it is that, whereas tribal people generally exist autonomously, peasants never exist autonomously. Peasants are always part of a larger social system, and when we talk about peasants , we are talking about the grass-roots population in both ancient and modern states. This lesson concerns peasants who don't have landlords. They exist in a different relationship to a different social system than the peasant-lord or feudal systems. Also, I am going to talk on two different levels: Substantive : that means I want to tell you something about peasants and what they are like in the north of Colombia particularly, and about peasants as a general type of people; Secondly, I want to talk on the level of methodology : I want to tell you how to see peasants . A Peace Corps Volunteer
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 10

Lesson 5 - PEASANT AND AGRICULTURALLY BASED SOCIETIES...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online