Lesson 11 - Lesson 11: Issues in World Poverty Introduction...

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Lesson 11: Issues in World Poverty Introduction This section concerns issues of development as the world gets smaller and the effects of peoples moving from one part of the world to another as they seek better or different things for their family. Often this can result in some form of conflict; over values , resources, or personal dignity. Two of these films display global cultural contact, while one concentrates on cultural contact within the U. S. All cultures experience change, but the causes, processes, and outcomes are varied. Cultural change can be accidental or intentional, rapid or slow, or beneficial or harmful. Two basic processes underlie all culture ; change. One of these is invention. Most inventions evolve gradually through experimentation and accumulation of knowledge. Inventions may be real things such as the invention of the car or may be concepts such as the notion of habeas corpus. Diffusion is the process by which inventions spread. There are several ways that diffusion can occur. One is the concept of mutual borrowing. This is where two societies of roughly equal in power exchange aspects of their culture . Or a more powerful culture may impose change on a less powerful one and sometimes a dominant culture will absorb aspects of a less powerful culture . Sometimes there is only partial acceptance of culture change. Different kinds of development: Modernization is a form of change marked by economic growth through industrialization and market expansion, political consolidation through the state, technological innovation, literacy, and options of social mobility . Supporters of modernization claim that the benefits of modernization are worth the costs to the environment and society . Critics maintain that modernization because it focuses on increasing levels of consumption and increasing use of non-renewable resources. Growth Oriented Development According to the concept of growth-oriented development theory, investments in economic growth will, through the trickle down effect, lead to improved human welfare among the poor. This is accomplished through increasing economic productivity and trade through modernizing agriculture , manufacturing, and participation in the global market. It also emphasizes reducing government expenditures on public services and reallocating that money to improve productivity. This is the strategy promoted by the World Bank. Distributional Development
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Lesson 11 - Lesson 11: Issues in World Poverty Introduction...

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