Confucius ren and li

Confucius ren and li - Lecture on Confucianism and...

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Unformatted text preview: Lecture on Confucianism and Confucius Topics (1) What is Confucianism? (2) What are the general features of Confucianism? (3) Who is Confucius? And what is his central message? (4) The key concepts of the Analects: Jen and Li. Part 1. Confucianism A complex moral, social, political and philosophical system in China. It developed from the teaching of Confucius. Confucianism has great impact on East Asia including China, Korea, Singapore and Japan, Vietnam. Today, Confucius Institute has been established in many universities around the world. General Features of Confucianism Economic Background of Confucianism and family system Five basic relationships: Sovereign and Subject; Father and Son; Elder and Younger brother; Husband and Wife; Friend and Friend; (1) The idealist wing of Confucianism had a religious character. Its ideals were transcendent, not in the sense that they were otherworldly (the Confucians were not interested in a far-off heavenly realm), but in the sense of the transcendent ideal -- perfection. See 2:16 (page 79); 6:22 (page 108), 11:12 (page 144) (2) Human nature is originally good. (Mencius) (3) On the one hand, Confucian values are so closely linked with everyday life that they sometimes seem trivial. Everyday life is so familiar that we do not take its moral content seriously. We are each a friend to someone, or a parent, or certainly the child of a parent. On the other hand, Confucians remind us that the familiar ideals of friendship, parenthood, and filiality are far from trivial; in real life we only rarely attain these ideals. We all too often just go through the motions, too preoccupied to give our full attention to the relationship. (4) If we consistently and wholeheartedly realized our potential to be the very best friend, parent, son, or daughter humanly possible, we would establish a level of caring, of moral excellence, that would approach the utopian. This is Confucian transcendence: to take the actions of everyday life seriously as the arena of moral and spiritual fulfillment. Part 2 Confucius (551-479 BCE) (1) A greatest educationist, thinker and philosopher in China. He was respected by Emperors as well as scholars and common people. (2) He lived in the Spring and Autumn period and traveled around China to promote his ideas in order to restore the social order. (3) His teachings have deeply influenced East Asia for centuries....
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This note was uploaded on 01/29/2011 for the course PHIL 1050 taught by Professor Ashleyhardcastle during the Spring '08 term at North Texas.

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Confucius ren and li - Lecture on Confucianism and...

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