Foundations of Literacy Notes:Why not just memorize? Children develop their own natural system of understanding how words work. Scribbling is important for their development. 1. Emergent: scribbles, symbols2. Letter name stage: using actual name sound of letter; confuse sounds, must convince them each letter has its own distinct sound. HARE = cherryJREBL = dribbleIBWT = aboutDIDR = doctorHAREP = trip Why word study?Teaching is not telling. Children need to talk with one another to help with knowledge construction.It links words study to words being read. Teach words that students are learning in context with reading. Don’t come up with random spelling words.Teaches children how to look at words when they read and write. They will examine words and begin to look for patterns. Purpose?Regularities PatternsPrinciples/ phonics Specific knowledge of wordsDon’t’ call them rules: children believe you can’t break rules and phonics principles are only true 75% of the time.The basis?Decades of research
5 developmental levels:Emergent Spelling:oA period of pretend writingoFrom scribbles to lettersLetter name-Alphabetic SpellingoSpell in a linear, sound-by-sound fashionoUse the name of the letter as the soundoFirst beginning sounds and then ending soundsoBy the end of this stage there is a vowel in each syllableWithin word Pattern SpellingoThey begin to examine long vowel patternsoThey spell consonant blends and diagraphs correctlyoThey spell regular short vowel patternsSyllable juncture and AffixesoThey begin to consider where syllables meet at their junctureoThey examine polysyllable words and patternsDerivational oStudents examine how words share common derivations and related rootsA step back is a step forward.Roots and bases help spelling.Word study is developmental not “one size fits all”Otherwise frustration or boredomWhere to begin?
Find out the extend of student’s word knowledge by:oStudying their inventive spellingsoUsing spelling assessments to select the content of instructiono1. Emergent: Scribbles, doesn’t quite comprehend letters and their differences until end of stageoUsing writing skills but confusing scribbles with letters (script)oKey feature: play2. Letter name: understands letters but uses invented spelling. They do not understand how to spell correctly. By the end of this stage they start to be