existentialism

existentialism - What is existencialism-The fundamental...

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What is existencialism? --The fundamental premise is that “existence precedes essence”. --We as human beings have no ideal essence. Rather we must forge our own values in the meaningless world. The opposite of Essentialism : Reality, meaning and significance precede individual actions. Critique of conformity --Critique of modern people as anonymous creatures who depend on experts to point the way to salvation or personal growth. --Critique of people who try to conform to an image or idea associated with being a certain type of person. Key point: importance of choice --Freedom: We human beings have free will. We are defined by the choices we make. --We cannot appeal to systems of law or convention or tradition as instructions for our choices. Every choice has to be personally appropriated. Key theme: anxiety --Because we are free to create our own values, we must exist in anguish, anxiety and despair. --Being human is finding himself thrown into a world with no clear logical or moral
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existentialism - What is existencialism-The fundamental...

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