Lecture on John Rawls’ A Theory of Justice Part 1 The Role of Justice Justice is the first virtue of social institutions, as truth is of systems of thought. Each person possesses an inviolability founded on justice that even the welfare of society as a whole cannot override. Question: How would John Rawls respond to utilitarianism? Part 2 The Original Position and The Veil of Ignorance The Original Position It is not a reality but an abstract mental device to help us understand the principles of political justice. We are self-interested rational persons. We are motivated to select whatever seems advantageous to ourselves. The Veil of Ignorance We know nothing about our sex, race, generation, social class of our parents. Part 3 Social Contract Theory What reasons would motivate people to form an organized society and submit to political power?- Thomas Hobbes Hypothetical State of Nature: self interested but rational. Social contract: First,
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