L1.docx - 1 Why was Lord Macartneyu2019s 1793 mission to...

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1. Why was Lord Macartney’s 1793 mission to Beijing flat out rejected by Emperor Qianlong and a failure? (p. 2) Lord Macarney’s 1793 mission to Beijing was rejected because the Emperor failed to see that they had very much to offer. When Macartney brought some of their materials for the Emperor, the Emperor saw them as gifts instead of a trade. He accepted Macartney’s gifts, but still did not see them as being equals. The Emperor did not see a need for any of their country’s manufactures. Unlike Japan, China did not reject the outside world completely. They did, however, fail to see how much Britain had to offer. At that time, Europe was having an economic, technological, and cultural revolution. Because of this decision the Emperor made, China went from being the richest economy, to being humiliated and torn by civil way and revolution over the following two centuries. 2. According to the Economist article, what does China want domestically? Internationally? (pp. 2–3) What China wants domestically is to see growth. They also want the stability growth can buy. Internationally, China’s people and Communist Party want a new deference (humble submission and respect) and influence that befits their nation’s stature.

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