Hist Final ReviewLT

Hist Final ReviewLT - More Review Revolution v. Evolution...

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More Review Revolution v. Evolution -Punctuated Equilibrium -Medieval Clocks? Printing Press o Lewis Mumford argues for roots in the early Middle Ages Cottonopolis Cottonopolis is a name given to the city of Manchester, in England. First bestowed during the 19th century, it denotes a metropolis of cotton and cotton mills, as inspired by Manchester's status as the international centre of the cotton and textile processing industries during this time. As industry grew, so did its need for reliable transport provision. The area around Castlefield, already the meeting point of many canals became home to the world's first passenger railway station when the Liverpool and Manchester Railway opened in 1830. This spurred Manchester to gain a major lead in engineering as many new foundries and machine tool firms were created. Joseph Stalin Leadership 1927 – 1953 First “General Secretary” of the CPSU o Controls information on CPSU members and others o Maneuvers rivals out of the position “Stalinism” Plans: Replace Lenin’s NEP with a collectivized economy and 5 year planned economic development industrialization “Command economy” o Wanted military strength o Couldn’t have strong worker base without industrialization Joseph Stalin garnered a victory for the Soviet party, as it was able to take control over other branches of government. Stalin went the opposite route of what Lenin was after in communism, focusing communist influence solely on Russia. Stalin also started a collectivization program, which gave state control over farms and led to the state having more control over the peasants. In additional, Stalin pushed for more industrial development. Ayatollah Khomeini Lived from 1900 to 1989, and was the religious ruler of Iran. Khomeini came to power after the revolution of 1979, whose goal was to get rid of the Pahlavi shah of Iran. Khomeini was a champion of religious purification, attempting to rid Iran of Western influences. Along with this, his goal was to create a government that was purely Islamic. The Iran-Iraq War came after Suddam Hussein tried to annex western portions of Iran. Hussein saw his opportunity for doing so because of the mayhem that was happening in Iran at the time. Khomeini, in his personal motives, maneuvered to assault Hussein and the Iraqis. In 1988, Khomeini finally backed down and agreed to an armistice, but not before countless thousands died during the war. Iron Curtain "Iron Curtain" is a term used to describe the boundary that separated the Warsaw Pact countries 1
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More Review from the NATO countries from about 1945 until the end of the Cold War in 1991. The Iron Curtain was both a physical and an ideological division that represented the way Europe was viewed after World War II. To the east of the Iron Curtain were the countries that were connected to or influenced by the former Soviet Union. The other countries to the west of the Iron Curtain had democratic governments. The term it was made popular by Winston Churchill,
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This note was uploaded on 01/29/2011 for the course HIST 1060 taught by Professor Charlottedecoster during the Spring '08 term at North Texas.

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Hist Final ReviewLT - More Review Revolution v. Evolution...

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