Hist Midterm 2

Hist Midterm 2 - HIST Midterm 2 Ancien Regime 18th century...

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HIST Midterm 2 Ancien Regime 18th century dramatic population rise in France o ~20 million @1700 ~30 million in 1780s Primarily rural 80% in the countryside Surviving feudal structure (Three Estates): Nobles, Churchmen, Peasants Social mobility very low, owing to restrictive guild structures, noble resistance, and privileged inheritance Virginia Declaration of Rights Joseph Fouche CItzen-Soldier New model French army comprised mass conscription o “Revolutionary” fervor (citizen soldier) ▪ Bayonet o Poor equipment o Professional officers replaced with political cadres, but later through merit promotions o Officers younger than their opponents (why?) o Fighting in columns, rather than lines – shock combat o HUGE armies Napoleon Bonaparte b.1769inCorsica Son of minor nobility; father a lawyer Ecole Militaire (Paris) - 1784 ́ Graduated 1785- Lieutenant of artillery 1785-9 – Garrison duty in Paris & Corsica 1789 Supported the Revolution, but took “nearly two years leave” 1792/3 – Napoleon in and out of favor with Corsican nationalists and the government in Paris. 1793 – Family moves to the mainland to avoid problems with Paoli, the Corsican nationalist 1793-LeSouperdeBeaucaire o Pro-Republican pamphlet brings him to the notice of Antoine Robespierre
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Hist Midterm 2 - HIST Midterm 2 Ancien Regime 18th century...

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