History Midterm 1

History Midterm 1 - History Midterm 1 History: (Historia)...

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History Midterm 1 History : (Historia) Based on experience, events, people, places, times -a chronological record of significant events (as affecting a nation or institution) often including an explanation of their causes -acts, ideas, or events that will or can shape the course of the future; immediate but significant happenings -a systematic account of any set of natural phenomena without particular reference to time Historiography : They study of how history is written, concerning authorship, style, perspective, sourcing and techniques of interpretations -Recognizes that history changes depending upon how you look at it. -Contains values of the historian: connectedness vs. objectiveness -Themes: Connectedness vs Objectivity; Evolution / Modernism; Technological Determinism; Economic Determinism; Class / Gender Tension; Industrialized World vs Pre Industrialized; Western Exceptionalism; Collectivism vs. Individualism Primary Source : Surviving records from the period in questions, also known as evidence. -Ex. Journals, letters, tax records, court cases, artwork -Look at strengths, weaknesses -Objectivity, truth, why things happen -Be aware of/ clear on perspective Secondary Source : Analysis or synthesis of primary material designed to fill out the story and answer why events occurred as they did. -Modern Historians value objectivity. - Good histories make an argument ‐‐ a convincing case that attempts to establish causality for historical events. -“History is written by the Victors.” Winston Churchill - Historians attempt to weigh which events and influences were most important and critical to the outcome. - What and how you weigh the evidence makes a great difference on the resulting analysis Iconography : the science of identification, description, classification, and interpretation of symbols, themes, and subject matter in the visual arts. The term can also refer to the artist's use of this imagery in a particular work. The earliest iconographical studies, published in the 16th century, were catalogs of emblems and symbols collected from antique literature and translated into pictorial terms for the use of artists. The most famous of these works is Cesare Ripa's Iconologia (1593). Extensive iconographical study did not begin in Europe until the 18th century, however, when, as a companion to archaeology, it consisted of the classification of subjects and motifs in ancient monuments. Nation : Large group of people bound by cultural elements. Ethnicity; religion; language; values; political system -a large body of people, associated with a particular territory, that is sufficiently
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conscious of its unity to seek or to possess a government peculiarly its own: The president spoke to the nation about the new tax. -the territory or country itself: the nations of Central America.
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History Midterm 1 - History Midterm 1 History: (Historia)...

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