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US History to 1865 - THE MONROE DOCTRINE-JQA views 1 No...

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THE MONROE DOCTRINE --JQA views: 1. No more colonization of American continents by Europe 2. Political system of Euro different from US, extension dangerous to US peace and safety 3. US would not interfere with existing European colonies 4. US would keep out of the internal affairs of Euro nations and their wars --One of cherished principles of US foreign policy --Effectiveness depended on British naval supremacy, no standing in INTL law THE MISSOURI COMPROMISE 1. Resolutions ( Henry Clay ) a) Maine=free state; Missouri= slave state b) Maintained balance c) Exclude slavery north of 36/30 McCOLLUCH VS. MARYLAND --John Marshall: Gov rose directly from the people acting through the conventions that had ratified the Constitution --McColluch: failed to affix state revenue stamps to bank notes; Supreme Court upheld the power of Congress to charter the bank, denied rights of state to taxi it --Maryland: the federal Gov was the creature of sovereign states; effort to tax bank conflicted with the supreme law of the land ELECTION of 1824 1. William Crawford—GA; Radicals, akin to old Rep party state’s rights 2. JQA—Naturalist: internal improvements, tariff 3. Henry Clay—Am system, Kentucky 4. Andrew Jackson 5. John C. Calhoun --Sectionalism defeated the national economic program --The “Corrupt Bargain” Inconclusive voting results; election goes to the House; Clay speaker of the house; JQA wins on 1 st ballots JOHN Q. ADAMS --Central Gov should promote internal improvements, set up national university, finance scientific explorations, build astronomical observatories, create department of the interior --Opposition: Democratic (Republicans) Jacksonians --Nationalism, refusal to play political games condemned administration ELECTION of 1828 1. Jackson and Calhoun
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2. Adams and Richard Rush 3. Modern Electoral Techniques 4. Personalities and “Mudslinging” ANDREW JACKSON --Old Hickory --As military victor, projected patriotism; As son of West and Indian fighter, hero in frontier states; As farmer, lawyer, and slaveholder, trust of southern planters --Spread of suffrage brought new type of politician, had special appeal to the masses, knew how to organize people for political purposes, became vocal advocate of the people’s right to rule --1 st to not come from prominent colonial family, symbolized changing social scene --Admin divided twixt Van Buren, Calhoun --Opposed federal aid to local projects, but supported interstate projects like National Road --1830: Jackson removed all Calhoun supporters from office JACKSONIAN DEMOCRATS --Sought to democratize economic opportunity and political participation --Wanted every American to have an equal chance to compete in the marketplace and in the political arena --Viewed alliance of Gov and business as invitation to special favors and eternal source of corruption --Did not foresee how unrestrained enterprise could lead to new centers of eco power independent of Gov regulation PEGGY EATON AFFAIR --Husband supposedly committed suicide when heard about affair with John Eaton, Jack’s Sec of War
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