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US History to 1865 History Final

US History to 1865 History Final - LECTURE 13 NATIONAL...

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LECTURE 13: NATIONAL SECTIONALISM, 1815-1824 A. Nationalism After the War of 1812 1. Economic Nationalism a) Growth of US b) Market Rev cotton production in South 4 new western states i. Jefferson’s embargo spawned the factories that he abhorred c) Transportation Rev i. Canals and steamboats upstream (Erie) ii. Steamboats: paddle wheel steamboats Hudson R. 1807 d) Industrial Revolution Begins i. Rise of manufacturing industry—US --Less imports, more domestic production --US didn’t become industrial giant until after Civil War ii. Inventions --Edmund Cartwright patented 1 st power loom and set up factory in Doncaster, England to make cloth --Eli Whitney and the Cotton Gin --Peter Durand made impact on food preservation with his 1810 patenting of the tin can --Jethro Tull speed drill, horse drawn hoe, improved plough e) New Republicans i. Tariff of 1816, 1 st protective tariff on US business Gov. responsible, south opposed ii. 2 nd Band of US, 1816-1836; 4/5 private owned iii. Internal improvements=most controversial iv. Henry Clay’s American System=everyone, not just elite Bonus Bill=excess money Calhoun wants, Madison vetoes 2. Political Nationalism a) James Monroe president, 1816-1824 b) Era of Good Feelings only one political party 3. Judicial Nationalism a) John Marshall extension of national power; Hamilton Federalism b) McCulloch v. Maryland, 1819 4. Diplomatic Nationalism
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a) Florida=runaway slaves, 3 cities b) John Q. Adams=pressure to sell FL c) Transcontinental Treaty, 1819 d) Monroe Doctrine, 1823 no colonization/intervention by Euros B. Economic Collapse and Sectional Conflict, 1819-1821 1. Panic of 1819 a) Financial panic, controversy over Missouri, cotton prices fall b) Reckless practices of state banks urged inflation c) 2. Missouri Compromise, 1820 Talmech Amendment=slavery as a moral question/states rights a) Equilibrium=Slave v. Non-slave b) Issue=expansion of slavery c) Constitutionality: South says Congress has no power; States rights by Constitution d) Moral issue=is slavery right? South says its necessary evil e) Proposed by Henry Clay: no slavery above 36/30 f) “2 nd ” Missouri Comp: ad of Missouri as state would depend on assurance from the Missouri legislature that it would never construe the offending clause in such a ways as to sanction the denial of privileges of citizens under the Constitution
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