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US History to 1865 Quiz 3

US History to 1865 Quiz 3 - HIST QUIZ 3 Chapter 12 ELI...

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HIST QUIZ 3 Chapter 12: ELI WHITNEY: NEMESIS OF THE SOUTH by Arnold Whitridge --The rule of King Cotton and the ability of the US to defeat the South in the Civil War depended heavily on the inventive genius of Eli Whitney --Met Mrs. Nathanael Greene, brought him into contact with the cotton aristocracy of the neighborhood --Whitney preferred goofing around his father’s workshop to doing the farm chores Neighbors looked Whitney up whenever they needed anything repaired manufactured nails, hat pins, walking canes --Not planning to become either a minister or lawyer, went to Georgia to become a tutor --Invented cotton gin to separate short staple cotton from its seed destined to have an ultimately disastrous effect upon the people it enriched --In Great Britain the invention of spinning frames and power looms had created a demand which could be filled only from the southern states --The existence of this market and the possibility of supplying it with ease and profit made cotton planting the one absorbing industry of the South --As production grew, so did the value of black slaves --The phenomenal success of the cotton industry (Whitney directly responsible) gave birth in the South to an entirely new conception of slavery --Whitney set in motion an undercurrent against the notions of equality and freedom founder of the cotton empire, where everyone believed would inevitably collapse if the under-pinning of slavery were removed --Turned to manufacturing guns offered to manufacture “10 or 15 thousand Stand of Arms.” musket, bayonet, ramrod, wiper and screwdriver --Proposed to manufacture on principle of interchangeable parts --Milling machine: cornerstone of new system of interchangeable parts Whitney substituted for the skill of the craftsman the uniformity of the machine --Jefferson approved Monsieur LeBlanc made muskets on the same principle
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