US History to 1865 Test 2

US History to 1865 Test 2 - HIST EXAM 2 (VICE) ADMIRALTY...

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HIST EXAM 2 (VICE) ADMIRALTY COURTS --Set up by Greenville, granted jurisdiction over all colonies and ensured that there would be no juries of colonists sympathetic to smugglers --“Salutary neglect” coming to an end --Boston, Halifax, Philly, Charleston PONTIAC’S REBELLION Treaty of Paris (1763): Brits took French land east of Miss., Spanish Florida --Indian lands given to Brits w/o consultation; Brits cut off trade/gift giving that had bound Indians to the French --Brits moved into French forts --Tribes retaliated in spring of 1763, captured forts around Great Lakes/Ohio Valley --Gen. Amherst started “germ warfare” --Named after Ottowa chief --Brit gov. renewed trade and gift giving in exchange for occupation of forts WRITS OF ASSISTANCE --General search warrants that allowed officers to enter any place during daylight hours to seek evidence of illegal trade --Boston merchants hired James Otis to fight the writs --Otis advanced argument that such acts violated British constitution and was thus void JOHN LOCKE “Two Treatises on Government” justified the Glorious Revolution --Viewed English history as a struggle by Parliament to preserve life, liberty, and property against royal tyranny --Declaration of Independence is restatement of Locke’s contract theory of government (govs derived ‘their just powers from the consent of the people,’ who were entitled to ‘alter or abolish’ those that denied their ‘unalienable rights’ to ‘life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.’) SUGAR ACT 1764 --Disguise of direct taxation (taxation=the power to destroy) --Cut tax of Molasses Act in half (reduce temptation to smuggle?) --Levied new duties on imports of foreign textiles, wine, coffee, indigo, sugar --Designed to raise revenues, not just regulate trade --Affected mainly New England --Started boycott STAMP ACT 1765 --Implemented by George Greenville 1
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HIST EXAM 2 --Parliament created revenue stamps and required that they be purchased and fixed to printed matter and legal documents -- Patrick Henry —only general assembly can tax --Chief target of colonial outrage at Brit greed and arrogance --Burdened all colonists who did any kind of business --Nonimportation agreements STAMP ACT CONGRESS 1765 --1 st movement towards Continental Union --Issued expressions of colonial sentiment: a Declaration of the Rights and Grievances of the Colonies, a petition to the kind for relief, and a petition to Parliament for repeal of the Stamp Act --Parliament had rights to regulate trade, but not right to levy taxes JOHN DICKINSON --Philly lawyer, resolve by persuasion --“Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania” --Argument= repeated in greater detail and more elegance what the Stamp Act Congress already said --Parliament had no right to levy taxes for revenue SONS of LIBERTY --Militants, met under “liberty trees” --Led by Sam Adams; Parliament had no right to legislate at all for the colonies, Mass must return to spirit of Puritan founders --Adams/Otis letter: no taxation by Parliament without
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US History to 1865 Test 2 - HIST EXAM 2 (VICE) ADMIRALTY...

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