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Unformatted text preview: – Inefficient energy transfer • 10% of energy stored in organic matter is converted to organic matter in the next level – 100 kg plant material to 10 kg herbivore material to 1 kg of primary carnivore • Dynamic stability hypothesis – Long chains are unstable • Changes at lower levels are magnified at...
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- Spring '10
- trophic level, Apex predator, food chains