Chapter 1_Childhood and Delinquency

Chapter 1_Childhood and Delinquency - CRJU 3210 Chapter 1...

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CRJU 3210 August 26, 2010 Chapter 1: Childhood and Delinquency The Adolescent Dilemma Ego Identity tells them where that are and who they are in society Emotions are up and down and tend to function in the now Erik Erickson and the Development of the identity Ego Identity: Formed when a person develops a sense of self Role Diffusion: Occurs when youth spread themselves too thin, experience personal uncertainty, and place themselves at the mercy of leaders who promise to five them a sense of identity that they cannot develop for themselves. Youth in Crisis At risk Youth: Young people who are extremely vulnerable to their negative environment Juvenile Delinquency Crime Committed by minors If this crime was committed by an adult it would still be criminal Most states the age for a juvenile is 17 (In GA it is 17) however, in three states the age is 15 Adolescent Problems Risk Factors Adolescent Poverty Over 70 million children who live in the USA, and of this number more than 12 million children now live in poverty. 5 children commit suicide everyday in the USA Suicide is the 3 rd leading cause of death among youth 7,000 youth under the age of 18, on any given day, are being detained in an adult institution At least 2 million youth are arrested each year for crimes ranging from loitering to murder Chronic Health Problems Inadequate Health Care
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CRJU 3210 August 26, 2010 Family Problems Substandard Living Conditions Inadequate Educational Opportunity The Study of Juvenile Delinquency Juvenile Delinquency: Criminal behavior committed by minors Chronic Delinquent Offenders: Youths involved in multiple serious criminal acts Youths who have been arrested four or more times during their minority and perpetrate a striking majority of serious criminal acts. This small group, known as the “ chronic 6 percent ,” is believed to engage in a significant portion of all delinquent behavior; these youths do not age out of crime but continue their criminal behavior into adulthood. In 1972 a study was completed by Marcus Wolfgang, in which he followed 9,945 youth from the time they were born to when they were 18 years old. What they found was that 6% of these boys were responsible for juvenile crimes at that time. This study took place in Philadelphia and Delinquent in a Birth Cohort was published as a result of the study being completed. Juvenile Justice System: The segment of the justice system, including law enforcement officers, the courts, and correctional agencies, designed to treat youthful offenders. Aging out Process: The tendency for youths to reduce the frequency of their offending behavior as they age; aging-out is thought to occur among all groups of offenders. The Development of Childhood
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Chapter 1_Childhood and Delinquency - CRJU 3210 Chapter 1...

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