Chapter 2_The Nature and Extent of Delinquency

Chapter 2_The Nature and Extent of Delinquency - Chapter 2:...

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Chapter 2: The Nature and Extent of Delinquency Gathering Information on Delinquency Official Records of Delinquency: The Uniform Crime Report The FBI (Federal Bureau of Investigation) gathers data from local law enforcements and is the most important source of information about delinquent behavior. The FBI receives and compiles records from more than 17,000 police departments serving the majority of the U.S. population. The information/data compiled is published yearly in their Uniform Crime Report (UCR). Uniform Crime Report (UCR) The UCR includes both criminal acts reported to local law enforcement departments and the number of arrests made by police agencies. Each month law enforcement agencies report the number of crimes known to them The UCR is broken into two parts: Part I Crimes and Part II Crimes Part I Crimes More serious crimes Known as the Index Crimes Offenses include: homicide and non negligent manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, larceny, arson, and motor vehicle theft. Part II Crimes All crimes other than Part I Crimes The UCR is calculates crime rate per 100,000 people In addition to these statistics, the UCR gathers data on the number and characteristics (age, gender, and race) of individuals who have been arrested for these crimes Limitations of the UCR Doesn’t track crimes that are not reported to police (surveys indicate that fewer than half of all crime victims report their incident/victimization to the police). Counts only the most serious offense of a multi-offense incident
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For example, during an armed bank robbery, the offender strikes a teller with the butt of a handgun. The offender then runs from the bank and steals an automobile at the curb. Although the offender has technically committed armed robbery, aggravated assault, and motor vehicle theft, because armed robbery is the most serious offense, it is the only one recorded in the UCR. Accuracy adversely affected by the inconsistency of police record keeping The National Incident Based Reporting System (NIBRS) Newer System expanding on the UCR Primary limitation is that a lot of jurisdictions are not using this system because it is very detailed in its context Collects data on each reported crime incident Collects data on all the offenses recorded by multi-offense offenders in crime incidents Collects data on 46 specific offenses, including the eight Part I Crimes. Self Reports by Juveniles
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This note was uploaded on 01/29/2011 for the course CRJU 3210 taught by Professor Sandrablount during the Fall '10 term at Georgia State University, Atlanta.

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Chapter 2_The Nature and Extent of Delinquency - Chapter 2:...

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