Chapter 3_Individual Views of Delinquency

Chapter 3_Individual Views of Delinquency - CRJU 3210...

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CRJU 3210 September 9, 2010 Chapter 3: Individual Views of Delinquency Delinquency is rooted within the individual o How they choose behavior (Decision making process) o Shaped by the personal characteristics of the decision maker o Biological makeup o Rational Choice Theory Choice Theory – Holds that youths will engage in delinquent and criminal behavior after weighing the consequences and benefits of their actions; delinquent behavior is a rational choice made by a motivated offender who perceives that the chances of gain outweigh any possible punishment or loss Suggests that young offenders choose to engage in antisocial activity because they believe their actions will be beneficial and profitable Whether they join a gang, steal cars, or sell drugs, their delinquent acts are motivated by CDC – Choice/Decision/Consequences Classical Criminology CDC – Choice/Decision/Consequences Holds that decisions to violate the law are weighed against possible punishments, and to deter crime the pain of punishment must outweigh the benefit of illegal gain; led to graduated punishments based on seriousness of the crime (let the punishment fit the crime) Holds that decisions to violate the law are weighed against possible punishments. Delinquents have free will and are utilitarian o Free will – the view that youth are in charge of their own decisions o Utilitarian
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CRJU 3210 September 9, 2010 The belief that people weigh the benefits & consequences of their future actions before deciding on a course of behavior Cesare Beccaria and Jeremy Bentham, utilitarian philosophers, argued that people weigh the benefits and consequences of their future actions before deciding a course of action Their writings formed the core of what is referred to today as classical
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This note was uploaded on 01/29/2011 for the course CRJU 3210 taught by Professor Sandrablount during the Fall '10 term at Georgia State University, Atlanta.

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Chapter 3_Individual Views of Delinquency - CRJU 3210...

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