Chapter 4_Social Structure, Process, Culture, and Delinquency

Chapter 4_Social Structure, Process, Culture, and Delinquency

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Chapter 4: Social Structure, Process, Culture, Culture, and Delinquency Social Structure and Delinquency The effects of income inequality, poverty, racism and despair are viewed by many delinquency experts as key causes of youth crime and drug abuse. According to William J. Wilson those people who are left out of the economic mainstream and reduced to living in the most deteriorated inner-city areas are the truly disadvantaged . Social Structure Theory Explain delinquency using socioeconomic conditions and cultural values Culture of poverty View that lower-class people form a separate culture with their own values and norms, which are sometimes in conflict with conventional society Social Disorganization Social Disorganization concepts were first formulated by sociologist Clifford Shaw and Henry McKay in Chicago The inability of a community to exert social control allows youths the freedom to engage in illegal behavior Social ecology theory Theory focuses attention on the influence social institutions have on individual behavior
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Chapter 4_Social Structure, Process, Culture, and Delinquency

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