Chapter 15_Juvenile Court Process

Chapter 15_Juvenile Court Process - Chapter 15: Juvenile...

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Chapter 15: Juvenile Court Process Juvenile Court and its Jurisdiction Independent juvenile court is a specialized court designed to promote rehabilitation of youth (pg. 492) 1.6 million juveniles are adjudicated annually in U.S. This represents a 9 percent decrease in court case flow from the peak year in 1997 (pg. 492) Most juvenile courts have in their mission statements will state that they are balanced and focused on restorative justice Courtroom Participants Defense Attorneys Similar to the defense attorney in criminal court Represents children in juvenile court and plays an active role at all stages of the proceedings Many juveniles do not trust their attorneys; this is especially true of court appointed attorneys (pg. 493) Guardian ad litem A court appointed attorney who protects the interests of the child in cases involving child welfare Court appointed special advocates Most juvenile courts are perceived to be civil courts Public Defender service for children An attorney who works in a public agency or under private contractual agreement as defense counsel to indigent defendants (pg. 493) Juvenile Prosecutor Government attorney responsible for representing the interests of the state and bringing the case against the accused juvenile Brings the states case against the accused juveniles (pg. 494) For the 1 st 60 yrs of juvenile justice, prosecutors were not used (pg. 495) Jurisdiction of juvenile courts is determined by the offenders age and conduct (pg. 496)
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Juvenile Court Process Pretrial, Trial, and Sentencing (pg. 497) Juvenile cases are heading Criminal courts Probate courts (abuse cases) Most commonly in independent juvenile courts Release or Detain Should case processed formally Detention Trends The Decision to Detain Most youths are released to their parents there must be probable cause to detain
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This note was uploaded on 01/29/2011 for the course CRJU 3210 taught by Professor Sandrablount during the Fall '10 term at Georgia State.

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Chapter 15_Juvenile Court Process - Chapter 15: Juvenile...

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