Chapter 18 - Chapter 18: Terrorism I. Defining Terrorism a....

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Chapter 18: Terrorism I. Defining Terrorism a. Title 18, section 2331, of the United States Code defines terrorism as a “violent act or an act dangerous to human life in violation of the criminal laws of the United States or of any state to intimidate or coerce a government, the civilian population, or any segment thereof, in furtherance of political or social objective.” i. A terrorist is someone who commits criminal acts in furtherance of a political or social agenda II. Terrorist Acts a. The crimes a terrorist group chooses to commit may be based upon a political agenda or some other factor specific to that group. 1. Bombings a. the most common terrorist tactic because a properly placed bomb can inflict massive numbers of casualties 2. Hijackings a. Airliners, cruise ships, and other means of mass transportation have been committed primarily for their propaganda value 3. Kidnapping a. Committed for several reasons b. Ransom or a useful propaganda tool 4. Physical Assaults a. Kneecapping i. Technique developed by the Irish Republican Army to cripple rather than kill 1. Process is done by shooting an informant in the back of the knee and making that person a cripple for the rest of his or her life
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b. Sends a strong visual message 5. Arson a. Designed to destroy property not people 6. Vandalism a. A crime of choice for ecoterrorists who are dedicated to destroying the lumber industry due to its perceived negative impact on the environment. Damage to logging equipment is a prime objective. i. A favorite tactic known as tree spiking involves driving metal spikes into trees in logging areas for the purpose of damaging logging equipment. 7. Assassinations a. Usually carefully planned and executed. b. Victims are selected for both their symbolic and their publicity value 8. Robbery a. Crime committed for the maintenance of terrorists and their operations b. Banks and armored cars are popular targets 9. Narcoterrorism a. Another source of revenue for the terrorist b. Middle East i. Involved in the production of opium c. South America i. Involved in the production of cocaine 10. Cyberterrorism a. Involves the hacking into automated control systems III. Terrorist Atrocities
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a. First, they can produce pure terror or paralyzing fear b. Second, a major purpose is to attract attention and gain sympathy through publicity c. Third, purpose of terrorist atrocities is to provoke the existing political establishment to commit counteratrocities. i. If the government is seen as employing the same tactics as the terrorist group, then potential sympathizers become allies and the strength of the terrorist group grows IV. Domestic Terrorism a. According to Title 18, section 2331(5), of the United States Code, domestic terrorism refers to terrorist activities that occur primarily within the territorial jurisdiction of the United States b. Ku Klux Klan i. Beginnings can be traced back to 1865 in Pulaski, Tennessee 1. A small group of Confederate veterans gathered together to form a
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Chapter 18 - Chapter 18: Terrorism I. Defining Terrorism a....

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