Chapter 7_Youth Gangs

Chapter 7_Youth Gangs - Chapter 7: Youth Gangs I....

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Chapter 7: Youth Gangs I. Introduction a. Belonging to a gang is not illegal in this country b. Gangs now exist in almost every community II. Definition a. A gang is an ongoing group of people that have a common name or common identifying sign or symbol, form an allegiance for a common purpose and engage in unlawful or criminal activity b. A street gang is a group of individuals who meet over time, have identifiable leadership, claim control over a specific territory in the community and engage in criminal behavior, either individually or collectively c. Youth gang i. Often used interchangeably with street gang in the context of juvenile justice, is preferred as it helps avoid any confusion between this type of the gang and the adult criminal street gang III. Types of Gangs a. Contemporary gangs are more diverse, more dispersed and more dangerous than gangs of the past b. “Traditional” and “nontraditional” gangs are the largest, longest-enduring, and most crime-producing gangs c. “Compressed” gangs, primarily adolescent groups of 50 to 100 members and less than ten years’ duration are the most common, found in both large and small cities.
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d. Least common are “collective” gangs, rather amorphous, but large collections with little internal structure, sometimes held together by loose neighborhood ties and extensive drug dealing. e. The smallest in size of our five types, but the most tightly structured, is the “specialty” gang, which is not versatile like the other four types, but rather manifests a narrow pattern of criminal behavior f. Gangs may be classified as hedonistic/social gangs, party gangs, predatory gangs, scavenger gangs, serious delinquent gangs, territorial gangs, organized/ corporate gangs and drug gangs i. Hedonistic/social gangs 1. Only moderate drug use and offending, involved mainly in using drugs and having a good time 2. Little involvement in crime ii. Party gangs 1. Commonly called “party crews” 2. Relatively high use and sale of drugs 3. Primary form of delinquency is vandalism 4. May contain both genders or may be one gender iii. Predatory gangs 1. Heavily involved in serious crimes and the abuse of addictive drugs 2. May engage in selling drugs but not in organized fashion iv. Scavenger gangs 1. Loosely organized groups described as “urban survivors”
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2. Prey on the weak in inner cities
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Chapter 7_Youth Gangs - Chapter 7: Youth Gangs I....

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