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Chapter 8_The Police and Juveniles

Chapter 8_The Police and Juveniles - Chapter 8 The Police...

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Chapter 8: The Police and Juveniles I. Introduction a. Concerned with three distinct groups of youths: i. Those who are victims of abuse and/or neglect ii. Those who commit status offenses iii. Those who commit serious crimes b. The first time a juvenile is arrested they should know the charge & that they have a right to remain silent II. The Police Response to Neglected and Abused Children a. The primary responsibility of police officers assigned to child neglect or abuse cases is the immediate protection of the child b. An officer may take a child into temporary custody without a warrant if there is an emergency or if the officer has reason to believe that leaving the child in the present situation would subject the child to further abuse or harm c. Temporary custody without hearing usually refers to a time period of 48 hours d. Challenges to Investigation i. The initial interview should include protective agency workers such as welfare workers and a child friendly setting should be provided e. A Protocol for Responding to Child Abuse and Neglect i. In cases of abused and neglected children, officers need to follow interagency protocol III. Law Enforcement Disposition of Status Offenders a. The majority of police dispositions involve status offenses (violating curfew, truancy, loitering, underage smoking and drinking of alcoholic beverages, and running away b. Whether a police officer actually arrest a juvenile usually depends on several factors, the most important being the seriousness of the offense
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c. In the disposition of status offenders, how police resolve matters often depends on the officers’ discretion, the specific incident and the resources available d. Officers’ actions usually reflect community interests IV. The Police Response to Delinquency a. Police Discretion and the Initial Contact i. Between 80 and 90 percent of youths commit some offense for which they could be arrested, yet only about 3 percent of them are ii. Police officers have considerable discretionary power when dealing with juveniles iii. Law enforcement officers have a range of alternatives to take: 1. Release the child, with or without a warning, but without making an official record or taking further action 2. Release the child, but write up a brief contact or field report to juvenile authorizes, describing the contact
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Chapter 8_The Police and Juveniles - Chapter 8 The Police...

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