AYER, Freedom and Necessity - Freedom and Necessity The...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1 “Freedom and Necessity” A.J. Ayer (1910-1989) The Philosophical Problem of Free Will Stated as a set of inconsistent propositions: 1. We do have free will (because we must in order to be morally responsible for our actions). 2. We do not have free will (because all events are entirely governed by causal laws). Reading “Freedom and Necessity” as a DIALOGUE or as a GAME Our Characters / Our Teams: c The Moralists (“M”): believe we have free will because without it there is no possibility of morality. c The Determinists (“D”): believe that everything that happens happens as a matter of causal necessity. The First Move c M : We know we have free will because we feel it, we experience it, every time we act (p. 402L). The First Counter move c M : We know we have free will because we feel it, we experience it, every time we act (p. 402L). c D : We may have this feeling, but it is an illusion. We think we’re free only because we’re ignorant of the real causes of our actions (p. 402L). The Second Move c M : Maybe there are events that don’t have causes; it is not a necessary presupposition of scientific thought that every event must be caused (p. 402R).
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
2 The Second Counter move c M : Maybe there are events that don’t have causes; it is not a necessary presupposition of scientific thought that every event must be caused (p. 402R). c D : We should assume that for every event, there is a cause. Otherwise, we’d be assuming, from the very beginning, that there is a limit to what science can explain—on what basis could we make such an assumption? (p. 403L) The Third Move c M: But there is in fact a limit to what science can explain:
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 01/29/2011 for the course PHIL 2010 taught by Professor Snyder during the Fall '06 term at Georgia State University, Atlanta.

Page1 / 4

AYER, Freedom and Necessity - Freedom and Necessity The...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online