KANT, Foundations

KANT, Foundations - The Great Chain of Being Kantian Ethics...

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1 Kantian Ethics The Challenge to Utilitarianism The Great Chain of Being GOD, ANGELS pure thought, no matter HUMAN BEINGS NON-HUMAN ANIMALS no real thought, driven by mere inclination PLANTS and INANIMATE OBJECTS pure matter, no thought The Dual Nature of Humans Like God: s capable of pure thought, s moved by reason, can act from DUTY Like other animals: s made of matter, corruptible, s moved by desire and INCLINATION Kant’s task is to work out the relationship between: DUTY what we have to do, morally speaking INCLINATION what we want to do, what we desire to do The Role of Reason s The function of reason is NOT to make us happy. s The function of reason is to produce a morally good WILL . There is something more desirable than to be happy… namely, to be WORTHY of happiness.
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2 The Will The WILL is the faculty in us that recognizes rules and reasons and directs action. s “It was through sheer power of the WILL that Bob quit smoking.” s “Susan is a very stong WILL ed individual— no one can tell her what to do.” Moral Goodness s A morally good act is one that is produced by a good WILL , regardless of consequences ! The Good Will s The good WILL is the one that recognizes the moral law and always acts from DUTY (from respect for the moral law). Two Different Approaches
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KANT, Foundations - The Great Chain of Being Kantian Ethics...

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