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Sept. 14. 2010 Types of Sentencing.Part 2

Sept. 14. 2010 Types of Sentencing.Part 2 - States:Part2...

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Sentencing Structures in the  States: Part 2
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Learning Objectives Students will be able to describe why states adopted  sentencing guideline models and the differences  between voluntary and presumptive sentencing models. Students will be able to describe mandatory sentencing  and provide examples used throughout the states. Students will be able to describe the type of sentencing  goal  best accomplished using sentencing guidelines and  mandatory sentences.  Students, using hypothetical criminal cases, will apply  sentencing guidelines and mandatory sentencing in  order to understand the degree of influence that the  legislature, judges, and juries have in each model.  01/30/11 Corrections 2
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Four Types of Sentencing  Structures Determinate Sentencing Indeterminate Sentencing  Sentencing Guidelines  Presumptive Advisory Mandatory Sentencing 
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Sentencing Guidelines:  Presumptive Type Terms of incarceration to prison or probation  in years determined by a legislatively  created body called a commission and  incorporated into a sentencing guideline.   Those designed to accomplish retribution  and deterrence will determine the type and  length of term based upon the seriousness  of the conviction offense and the offenders'  criminal history.    Those designed to include rehabilitation, as  well as deterrence, will permit consideration  of offender's character and attitude.
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Sentencing Guidelines:  Presumptive Type Judge loses ability to make decision to  send convicted felon to prison or not, or to  suspend the term of imprisonment, and to  select amount of time to serve.    Some even prescribe the use of jail  incarceration and thus address sentencing  of those who are convicted of  misdemeanors.
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Sentencing Guidelines:  Presumptive Type  Some permit judges to impose terms 
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