Exam 3 Study Guide

Exam 3 Study Guide - CRJU 3310 Corrections Exam 3 Study...

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CRJU 3310: Corrections Exam 3: Study Guide I. The Federal Prison System a. History i. Why did federal prisons develop? 1. Three factors lead to the development of federal prisons a. 1. Increased numbers of federal convicts b. 2. Overcrowding in state prisons that housed both state and federal convicts c. 3. Disagreements over the use of inmate labor ii. What was the Three Prisons Act? 1. Passed in 1891 2. Federal legislation authorized the U.S. Department of Justice to establish 3 institutions to house federal inmates a. U.S.P. at Leavenworth, Kansas i. First institution began operation in 1895 in old military prison at Fort Leavenworth. 1. Construction was completed in 1906 b. U.S.P. at Atlanta, Georgia i. Construction began in 1900 and it opened in 1902 with two cell houses, administration and kitchen buildings complete
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c. U.S.P. at McNeil Island i. In Washington State (1875) iii. What federal legislation contributed to the overcrowding of the original three federal prisons? 1. Passage of four separate pieces of federal legislation resulted in federal penitentiaries becoming severely overcrowded a. Mann Act (1910) i. Made it illegal to transport knowingly any woman or girl in interstate commerce or foreign commerce for prostitution, debauchery, or any other immoral purpose b. Harrison Narcotics Act (1914) i. Regulated and taxed the production, importation, and distribution of opiates c. Volstead Act (1918) i. Prohibited manufacture and sales of intoxicating liquors d. Dyer Act (1919) i. Made illegal the interstate trafficking of stolen autos iv. USP Atlanta: Interesting aspects of its history 1. First warden was William C. Hawk 2. Opened in 1902 as integrated facility, but by 1914 it was fully segregated by race and remained so until 1960 3. Famous inmates included: a. Al Capone 1932 – 1934
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b. Eugene Debs 4. Produced two prison newspapers 5. Beginning in 1940 a series of experiments using inmates as subjects were conducted a. 1944, 1951, 1954 i. U.S. Public Health Service (PHS) studies effects of quinine on malaria b. 1956 i. CIA studied effects of LSD c. 1961 i. PHS studied physiological effects of DDT d. 1963 i. PHS 1963 studied treatment of venereal diseases 6. In 1976 federal legislation is passed that prohibits the use of federal inmates as subjects in medical research 7. In 1987 – riot occurred among the Cuban detainee population held at Atlanta and Oakdale a. One Cuban detainee died 8. Holds about 2000 at USP and about 450 at Camps next door b. Current i. What is the current number of federal prisons and size of the total inmate population?
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1. Total of 114 institutions ranging from minimum to high security, including residential reentry centers where inmates are sent prior to release 2. As of Nov. 4 2010 the total inmate population was 210,426 II. Private Sector Corrections a. What does the term mean? i.
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Exam 3 Study Guide - CRJU 3310 Corrections Exam 3 Study...

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