Anthro notes for test 1

Anthro notes for test 1 - Anthro notes for test 1 includes...

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Anthro notes for test 1 includes chapters 1-4 and forest people. What is Anthropology ? Anything that has to do with people, includes study of past, present and future civilizations. 1. Physical/Biological -aspect of anthropology concerned with humans as biological organisms. Example: disease of the Kuru people- cannibals and get disease from virus in dead tissues of their relatives, therefore not hereditary but mix of cultural and biological reasons. a. paleoanthropology- examine ancient fossils using comparative anatomy b. primatology- past, present, anatomy, physiology behavior and genetics of primates and how we as humans are alike to them c. contemporary human variation studies- focus on living humans and how our anatomy and physiology differ then those in past d. medical anthropology- study health and diseases especially epidemics e. forensic anthropology- solve crimes like Bones 2. Archaeology - study of material remains as a means of describing and explaining human behavior, look at ‘stuff people leave behind’, commonly use excavation and grids for mapping, want to understand the process of adaptation and change a. Prehistoric- existed before written records, analyze artifacts, features (technology), and ecofacts b. Historical- have written records but little was recorded about how people lived c. Cultural Resource Management (CRM)- work on environmental reports of these sites d. Experimental- analysis of prehistoric technology and artifacts e. Ethnoarchaeology- observe present day and relate to historical uses f. Applied/behavior- aim to solve certain modern questions, look at relationships between material and behaviors 3. Anthropological Linguistics - studies relationships between human language and behavior, also the way we think subconsciously effects the way we act. Humans don’t just know things, must have something actively happen in order to learn a. Descriptive- mechanics such as sounds used, morphology, and syntax b. Historical- development and relationship with other languages c. Ethnolinguistics- relationship between language and culture
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d. Sociolinguistics- focus on social contexts such as language at work versus at home 4. Cultural - study of existing peoples in an attempt to develop science of human behavior, look at adaptations made by human groups to the diverse ecosystems of the earth a. ethnography- descriptive writing/study of human society based on fieldwork b. ethnology- comparative science of people’s customs, leads to analytic generalizations Holism - an approach which combines a wide variety of topics in the study of human behavior, believe that everything is interrelated. Everything is also dependent, one change will effect another shift. Ethnocentrism - belief that our own patterns of behavior are the best, most natural, beautiful, right or important, not uncommon within a society, may be beneficial to interior group.
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