notes for test 3

notes for test 3 - 1. Bali Video- temples lead to ir...

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Unformatted text preview: 1. Bali Video- temples lead to ir rigation of rice, art, concept of time is cyclic/episodic- repeating cycle in which nothing fundamental changes and fear drastic changes, Eka Desa Rudra is centennial ceremony of revitalization 2. Two kinds of supernatural beings in Abelam A. Ngwal- spirit, when personified becomes close to soul man, we will call them ancestral spirits B. Jambu- bird totems 3. Male initiation ceremony has 4 stages A. Walketaakwa- getting rid of bad blood out of boy penises at age 6- makes you human B. Kutaakwa- makes you a member of the abelam t ride at age 12 C. Lu- makes you a man at age 18 D. Puti- makes you a real man who can grow yams at age 24 4. Feelings towards art and religion- dont like photos, paint yams with black canvas then use light color over, draw eyes shut because yams already have extra senses, use lots of shells, use black and red to show each half of society, totems are always represented in profile 5. How culture changes A. Acculturation- incorporation of knowledge, ideas, behaviors, and material creations from a different culture as a consequence of prolonged contact with that culture B. Impact studies- ethnographic methods to look at a situation during and/or after a program of planned cultural restructuring has been implemented C. Unilineal evolution breaks into 2 parts 1. Diffusion- explained origin and spread of artifacts and ideas through borrowing between cultures; heliocentric diffusion- belief that ancient Egypt was the center of cultural innovations and inventions that spread around the world 2. Historicalism- theory by Franz Boas- hypothesized that each culture has its own particular history that could be documented through repeated ethnographies, comparison would lead to underlying principles of cultural change D. Beginning of Applied Anthropology- Project Camelot- sponsored by US Department of Defense, leads to ethical dilemma because anthropologists dont know if they should be used by policy makers in government offices. Action anthropologists believe they should take the side of the indigenous people whenever the right to self-determination is violated E. Barriers to change- 1. Fatalistic outlook 2. Traditional 3. Ethnocentrism 4. Relative values 5. Norms of modesty 6. Different cultural values and attitudes 7. Structure of culture 8. Ways people use their bodies 9. Group dynamics 10. Perceptions and miscommunications F. Stimulants to change 1. Desire for economic gain 2. Improved health 3. Desire for prestige or pride in nationalism G. Possible negative outcomes: 1. Malnutrition 2. Decreased health 3. Strain on ecosystems...
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notes for test 3 - 1. Bali Video- temples lead to ir...

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